Vitiligo, also called leukoderma, is triggered by the loss of pigment-producing cells in the skin. This result in the formation of white spots and patches on the skin. With some patients the condition never progresses beyond the appearance of one patch. With others, however, it spreads over the body quickly. Still others may suffer a slower form of vitiligo that continues to spread over many years. Vitiligo is neither physically painful nor contagious.
Not all cases of vitiligo may be as obvious as too alarming, for it is mostly noticeable on dark-skinned people. But there are many people afflicted to one degree or another. Statistics show that between 1 and 2 percent of world population maybe affected. Vitiligo knows no racial boundaries and affects men and women equally. It cause is still unknown.
While there is no sure cure for vitiligo, there are many ways of dealing with it. For instance, in light-skinned patients, the condition is more evident when the unaffected skin is suntanned. Hence, avoiding exposure to the sun can make the condition less noticeable. With dark-skinned people, special cosmetics can help disguises the contrasts in skin colour. Some patients have responded well to a process known as repigmentation. This treatment involves many months of medication and the use of special ultra-violet equipment. In some cases this treatment has caused normal colour to return to parts of the afflicted skin. Other patients choose depigmentation. The goal of this treatment is to even out the skin tone by destroying the remaining pigment-producing cells with the use of medication.
Vitiligo can cause emotional distress to those afflicted, especially when it spread to the face. In one recent study a woman afflicted by vitiligo explains, “two children looked at me and ran away screaming. Others are hesitant to speak with me, thinking that I may have a contagious disease or that I have been cursed”. People cannot catch vitiligo by touch or through the air.

preparation during pregnancy

Healthier mothers have healthier babies, says the UN chronicle. It also observes that when a woman gets inadequate medical care or none at all during pregnancy, childbirth, and the period thereafter, her baby also receives little or no medical care.
In some lands it may be difficult for a pregnant woman to get adequate care. Perhaps she has far to travel, or she may be unable to cover medical costs. Still, if at all possible, an expectant mother should try to get at least some professional prenatal care.
The following are steps to take during pregnancy. They include;
1. Choose your hospital, doctor, or midwife wisely by doing advance research.
2. Make a regular visit to your doctor or midwife, especially a trusting, friendly relationship.
3. Give careful attention to your health. If possible, take the appropriate vitamins, but avoid medication (even over the counter products) unless your doctor approves. It is wise to avoid alcohol. “although the highest risk is to babies whose mothers drink heavily, it is not clear yet whether there is any completely safe level of alcohol during pregnancy,” states the National institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
4. If you experience premature labour pains (prior to the 37th week), contact your doctor or maternity ward immediately. Prompt attention may help prevent a premature delivery and the complications that can result.
5. Document personal decisions relating to medical care. For example, many have found it helpful to have a durable power of attorney (DPA) card filled out ahead of time. Find out what is used and legally accepted in your country.
6. after the birth be mindful of your health and that of your baby, especially if the baby came prematurely. Consult the pediatrician right away if you observe any problems.
Newly wed mums are always at the cross road when it come to preparing and getting set to take in. the pressures, tensions and high expectations from family members and friends as regards to when the timing of the new baby will come. This thoughts and comments always put the new mothers under intense heats, but not to worry again as this article will seek to explain more about preparing and getting ready for pregnancy. Here I will also tell you how to know your safe and free periods so as to easily beat that fear and
anxieties of pregnancy and become a smiling mother tomorrow!
According to figures released in October 2007, one woman dies nearly every minute-536,000 a year-because of problems associated with pregnancy.-United Nations Population Fund
You can also learn more about preparations during pregnancy by clicking on this hop link Click Here!
For all I know and read was gotten from this book and I highly recommend it for you and expectant mother. I wish you a safe delivery when the time comes for you to put to bed.