MANY OF MY READERS ASK FOR THIS AND HERE IT IS…..
I DID MY NIGERIAN NATIONAL YOUTH SERVICE HERE IN ADAMAWA BETWEEN AUGUST 12, 2009- JULY 7 2010. AND IT’S A PLEASURE WRITING ABOUT THE STATE, PEOPLE, CULTURE, ETC. AFTER THAT I HAVE VISITED THE STATE TWICE IN SEPTEMBER 29, 2011 AND MARCH 19, 2012..
Adamawa is a state in northeastern Nigeria, with its capital at Yola. It was formed in 1991 from part of Gongola State with four administrative divisions namely: Adamawa, Ganye, Mubi and Numan. It is one of the thirty-six (36) States which constitute the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
Adamawa is one of the largest states of Nigeria and occupies about 36,917 square kilometres. It is bordered by the states of Borno to the northwest, Gombe to the west and Taraba to the southwest. Its eastern border also forms the national eastern border with Cameroon. Topographically, it is a mountainous land crossed by the large river valleys – Benue, Gongola and Yedsarem. The valleys of Cameroon, Mandara and Adamawa mountains form part of the landscape.
The major occupation of the people is farming as reflected in their two notable vegetational zones, tile Sub-Sudan and Northern Guinea Savannah Zone. Their cash crops are cotton and groundnuts while food crops include maize, yam, cassava, guinea corn, millet and rice. The village communities living on the banks of the rivers engage in fishing while the Fulanis are cattle rearers. The state has network of roads linking all parts of the country.
The development of many communities in the State can be traced to the colonial era when the Germans ruled the Ganye area in the 19th century. These were however forfeited to the British at the end of the scramble for Africa at the Berlin Conference.
Emirate of Adamawa
Before it became a state in Nigeria Adamawa was a subordinate kingdom of the Sultanate of Sokoto which also included much of northern Cameroon. The rulers bear the title of Emir (Lamido in the local language, Fulfulde). The name “Adamawa” came from the founder of the kingdom, Modibbo Adama, a regional leader of the Fulani Jihad organized by Usumaanu dan Fodio of Sokoto in 1804.
Modibbo Adama came from the region of Gurin (now just a small village) and in 1806 received a green flag for leading the jihad in his native country. In the following years Adama conquered many lands and tribes. In 1838 he moved his capital to Ribadu, and in 1839 to Joboliwo. In 1841 he founded Yola where he died in 1848. After the European colonization (first by Germany and then by Britain) the rulers remained as Emirs, and the line of succession has continued to the present day.
Emirs of Yola have included:
• Modibbo Adama ben Hassan 1809-1848
• Lawalu ben Adama 1848-1872 (son of the previous)
• Sanda ben Adama 1872-1890 (brother of the previous)
• Zubayru ben Adama 1890-1901 (brother of the previous)
• Bibbo Ahmadu ben Adama 1901-1909 (brother of the previous)
• Iya ben Sanda 1909-1910 (son of Sanda ben Adama)
• Muhammadu Abba 1910-1924 (son of Bobbo Ahmadu ben Adama)
• Muhammadu Bello ben Ahmadu ben Hamidu ben Adamu 1924-1928
• Mustafa ben Muhammadu Abba 1928-1946 (son of Muhammadu Abba)
• Ahmadu ben Muhammadu Bello 1946-1953
• Aliyu Mustafa 1953- 2010
• Muhammadu Barkindo Aliyu Musdafa 2011-Presnt
Sites of Interest
• Nuhu Auwalu Wakili’s Palace
• Sukur World Heritage
• Gashaka-Gumti National Park
Local Government Area
There are twenty-one local government areas (LGAs):
• Mubi North
• Mubi South
• Yola North (State capital)
• Yola South
List of Governors of Adamawa State
This is a list of administrators and Governors of Adamawa State, Nigeria, which was formed on 1991-08-27 when Gongola State was divided into Adamawa and Taraba states.
Name Title Took Office Left Office Party Notes
Governor 27 August 1991 January 1992 (Military) Abubakar Salihu was governor of Gongola State from December 1989 to 27 August 1991.
Abubakar Saleh Michika
Governor 2 January 1992 17 November 1993 NRC
Administrator 9 December 1993 14 September 1994 (Military)
Administrator 14 September 1994 22 August 1996 (Military)
Administrator 22 August 1996 August 1998 (Military)
Ahmadu G. Hussaini
Administrator August 1998 May 1999 (Military)
Governor 29 May 1999 29 May 2007 PDP
Governor 29 May 2007 26 February 2008 PDP
James Shaibu Barka
Governor (acting) 26 February 2008 29 April 2008
Governor 29 Apr 2008 – PDP