Nigeria covering a total of 923768km along the West African Gulf of Guinea is an important centre of biodiversity of tropical rainforest, coastal plains, mangrove and the Savannah zones geographically with a population of about 150 million people. The fact also remain that the country is mono-economy based in petroleum oil generating over 80% of the nation’s foreign exchange and employing very low labor force as the agricultural sector which the predominant occupation of Nigerians.
Tourism in Nigeria is still in its infancy considering the large accumulation of resources which are yet untapped and the institutional structure which is yet to be regulated to compete favorably with other fast growing tourism destinations (Ahiante, B. 2003). Successive governments have tried in their very best to put the industry in the national economic map but sector could not meet up with the exclusive listing. Even though rich in ecotourism and business tourism potentials and constrained by figurative and factual analysis to plan development, the political will and legislation are far from regulating the industry to keep abreast with both the national tourism policy and master plan implementation program in line with the United Nations Framework on sustainable tourism development efforts
THE NIGERIAN POLICE (NP)
The Nigerian Police (NP) is the principal law enforcement agency in Nigeria with staff strength of about 371,800. There are currently plans to increase the force to 650,000, adding 280,000 new recruits to the existing 370,000. The NP is a very large organization consisting of 36 commands grouped into 12 zones and 7 administrative organs. The agency is currently headed by IGP Ibrahim Kpotun Idris.
ROLES OF THE POLICE AS CULTURAL TOURISTS MANAGEMENT INSTITUTION
Some of the roles of the police especially the Nigeria police as cultural tourists management institution can be outline and discuss below;
A. CHECKMATING ILLICIT BAHAVOURS TO TOURIST
The Police as an institution have played a very vital role in preventing harassment and misbehavior, control and discourage criminal activities against tourists.
B. SAFETY OF TOURIST
The Police as an institution play an important role in not only ensuring the safety of the visitors and but also in making their visit.
C. LISTEN TO TOURIST COMPLAINS
The Police as an institution register complaints of the Tourist and to provide police report in case of theft or loss of items. they also create safety environment mainly in tourist areas.
Some other roles of the Police as cultural tourist management institution include;
• To provide information regarding security aspect of tourists.
• To respond promptly to problems or complaints of tourists.
• To try our best to provide a hassle free trip by keeping away tourists from hawkers, beggars and street children.
• To assist tourists wherever and whenever they need us.
• To inspect (supervise) over hotel, travel, trekking & rafting agencies in case of other proven.
• To patrol in tourism areas for safety environment.
• To control unlicensed tourist guides.
• To forward tourist related criminal cases for legal procedure to district police office, consulting with concerned embassy.
• To provide tourism related information
THE NIGERIA IMMIGRATION SERVICE (NIS)
The Nigeria Immigration Service (NIS) has witnessed series of changes since it was extracted from the Nigeria Police Force (NPF) in 1958. The Immigration Department, as it was known then, was entrusted with the core immigration duties under the headship of the Chief Federal Immigration Officer (CFIO). The department in its emergent stage inherited the Immigration Ordinance of 1958 for its operation. At inception, the department had a narrow operational scope and maintained a low profile and simple approach in attaining the desired goals and objectives of the government. During this period, only the Visa and Business Sections were set up.
On August 1st, 1963, Immigration Department came of age when it was formally established by an Act of Parliament (Cap 171, Laws of the Federation Nigeria ). The head of the department then was the Director of Immigration. Thus, the first set of Immigration officers were former NPF Officers. It became a department under the control and supervision of the Federal Ministry of Internal Affairs (FMIA ) as a Civil Service outfit.
ROLES OF THE IMMIGRATION AS CULTURAL TOURISTS MANAGEMENT INSTITUTION
Some of the roles of the immigration departments in the world especially the Nigerian immigration services as cultural tourists management institution can be outline and discuss below;
A. INTERNATION LAW ENFORCEMENT
• Assists local and international law enforcement agencies in securing the tranquility of the state against foreigners whose presence or stay may be deemed threats to national security, public safety, public morals and public health and;
B. ACT AS AWATCH DOG
• Acts as chief repository of all immigration records pertaining to entry, temporary sojourn, admission, residence and departure of all foreigners in the country.
Some other roles includes
• Regulation of the entry (arrival), stay (sojourn), and exit (departure) of foreign nationals in the country;
• Monitoring of the entry and exit of tourist in compliance with international tourist laws and other legal procedures;
• Issuance of immigration documents and identification certifications on non-immigrant, immigrant and special non-immigrant visas;
• Extension of stay of temporary visitors and implementation of changes of status as provided by law;
• Administrative determination of citizenship and related status;
• Investigation, hearing, decision and execution of orders pertaining to exclusion, deportation, and repatriation of foreign nationals;
• Investigation, arrests and detention of foreigners/tourist in violation of immigration regulation and other Nigerian laws;
Safety and security are vital to providing quality in tourism. More than any other economic activity, the success or failure of a tourism destination depends on being able to provide a safe and secure environment for visitors (Aduko, S. 1991), This was highly evident in the aftermath of the tragic events of 11th September 2001, these where the roles of the police and the immigration come. By its very nature, tourism is a global and intensely competitive industry. Although inherently vulnerable to economic crises, natural disasters and outbreaks of warfare and epidemics, international tourism has shown remarkable resilience in recovering from the adverse effects of such negative, but short-term, factors. However, not only does the consumer have to spend relatively large amount of his/her disposable income to buy the tourism product, he also perceives it in a subjective and experiential manner. As a result, tourism is highly sensitive to perceptions of danger and lack of safety and security (Akande, F. 2002), It is in this context that lack of safety and security and incidences of crime represent a more serious threat to travel and tourism than any other negative factor.
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Ahiante, B. (2003), “Building and Sustaining Corporae Reputation”,
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Akande, F. (2002), International Public Relations Management,
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Akande, F. (1999), In-Road Into Public Relations, Lagos: FEST
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