The school system in Nigeria is often influenced by the constant changes that are occurring within the political institutions. The ability of the stakeholders and actors within the educational system to adapt to the organizational changes has attracted attention in the last decade. Currently, there is controversy as to the nature, pattern and methods of training teachers in the country. At the centre of the controversy is the confusion over the role of the educational administrators in secondary schools.
Teaching involves the use of wide body of knowledge about the subject being taught. Teachers at all levels of the educational system are very important in the overall development of any nation. Teachers’ education is the process which nurtures prospective teachers and updates qualified teachers’ knowledge and skills in the form of continuous professional development. It is on this basis that the educational administrators play several roles in teacher education in Nigeria. The previous processes and stages of professional development of teachers constitute the concept of teacher training and/or teacher education. In fact, there has been a long standing and ongoing debate about the most appropriate term to describe teacher education and educational administrators.
Challenges Facing teaching Profession in Nigeria
Teachers at all levels in Nigeria are yet to take their rightful position. This perhaps explains the popular slogan, “Teachers’ reward is in heaven”, meaning, they are not being well remunerated or respected for their painstaking efforts and services. Their take home pay is below standards the world over, while there is gross under funding for education. These challenges and many others have left the teaching profession in a less desirable state. But, and as if that was not enough, it has contributed in no small way to the fallen standard of our education.
The challenges notwithstanding, the teaching profession remains rewardable and honourable. It is true that teachers may not live in affluence like the politicians, but you can be sure of a decent, satisfying and fulfilling life; depending on you anyway. You sure need to be focused, love your work with passion, be hard working and have a strong desire for career progression. As a degree holder, don’t remain at that level, go ahead and obtain your Masters and even Doctorate degree. No doubt, this will take you to places beyond your dream, opening up more opportunities for you.
The teacher stands out as one the most important factors determining the quality of education and its contributions to national development. At every level people who go to school look on the teacher for the acquisition of the necessary skills to enable them become what they want to be. Thus, students often look on the personal qualities, their educational qualities and professional competence which are rewarding to the learners. It is on this note that the role of educational administrators in assisting teachers to help students achieve the objective of instructions in their various fields of endeavor stands paramount and a challenge in the 21st century. How should the teacher present himself in order to get his message across? How can he communicate effectively in the class? Under what kind of environment can the message get across? What pedagogical approaches are effective? These among other question are of interest not only to students and teachers but also to school administrators (Onuoha, 1975).
Ajayi, K (1997): Breaking the barriers to full professionalization of
teaching in Nigeria by the year 2010 and beyond, Studies in Educational planning and Administration (1); 1-9
Amaele, S. and Amaele, P.E. (2003): Teacher education in
\contemporary Society. Ogbomosho: Bobolink Media Print.
Garrison, R.H and Noreen, E.W. (2003); Managerial accounting.
(10th edition). New York: McGraw hill Inc.
Onuoha (1975): teaching professions in Nigeria and challenges of
the 21st century.