SUPPORT FOR THE TEACHING AND INTRODUCTION OF SEX EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOL


SUPPORT FOR THE TEACHING AND INTRODUCTION OF SEX EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOL

INTRODUCTION
Sex education is the act of informing younger and adult generations about everything they need to know about sex. Sex education is one of the most controversial issues in education, which has been floating on educational institutions since ages.
Sex education is not just about sex. It includes other sensitive issues like sexual health, sexual reproduction, sexuality and others that parents often feel uncomfortable talking with their children. Therefore, it becomes the responsibility of schools to address this issue, and inform and educate students about it as much as possible. Often, sexual education in schools is considered as a recreational course rather than a serious issue. There are many pros and cons of sexual education being taught in the public schools.

SUPPORT FOR INTRODUCING SEX EDUCATION
Sexuality Education teaches students facts about contraception, repercussions of casual sex, and the prevention of diseases from a health perspective. This is in addition to teaching teenagers about building healthy relationships and how to say “no” to sexual advances.
Sexuality Education teaches students what homosexuality is, and the current legal provisions concerning homosexual acts in the world.
Evidence shows that a combination of comprehensive sex education and access to birth control appears to decrease the rates of unintended pregnancies among teenagers.[10] A meta-analysis compared comprehensive sex education programs with abstinence-only programs found that abstinence-only programs did not reduce the likelihood of pregnancy, but rather may have increased it.[11] Numerous studies show that curricula providing accurate information about condoms and contraception can lead to reductions in the risky behaviors reported by young people as well as reductions in unintended pregnancies and STIs.[12] Programs that teach only abstinence have not been shown to be effective
Supporters claim that exposure to such information, including STDs and the proper use of contraceptives, lowers teen pregnancy and STD infection rates. In addition, they argue that most teenagers are either already sexually active or are curious and that many of them are not receiving such information from their parents, claiming public schools are a proper venue for sex education. As such, these supporters typically favor a more comprehensive approach that includes detailed description of a female and mail genitals, for example.
Much of the debate today is centered on whether schools should teach abstinence-only or comprehensive sex education. Those favoring an abstinence-only approach correctly point out that abstinence is the only way to prevent pregnancy and STDs with 100 percent certainty. They also point out the emotional complexities that often accompany an active sex life. Properly taught, sexual education could become a regular and ongoing Human Anatomy and Biology complete with tests and grading that goes toward graduation credits where students learn a lot about their body systems. Also Students can be taught the correct terms of the reproductive system of sexually transmitted diseases and contraception birth instead of “street slang.”

CONCLUSION
Allowing sex education to be taught in school could help displace Myths surrounding sex, which can be dispelled (for example, can not get pregnant the first time).Studies also show that many teenagers become sexually active before the inclusion of educational classes. Principles of inclusion of classes has been shown to help students stay or to abstain or at least be responsible if they are active. Proper education can have an impact on the prevention of sexual problems in adulthood.
Recent polls by various media, health, and social organizations have concluded that most families support the idea of teaching sex education in schools to some extent. Although there are still pockets of parents who adamantly reject the idea that schools teach their children anything about sex, there is generally little debate that some form of sex education should be taught — even if abstinence-only.

REFERENCES
• Tupper, Kenneth (2013). “Sex, Drugs and the Honour Roll: The Perennial Challenges of Addressing Moral Purity Issues in Schools”. Critical Public Health 24 (2): 115–131. doi:10.1080/09581596.2013.862517.
• • “Namibia National Policy on HIV/AIDS for the Education Sector” (PDF). USAID Health Policy Initiative. 2003. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 8, 2013. Retrieved November 8, 2013.
• • Piya Sorcar (December 1, 2010). “A New Approach to Global HIV/AIDS Education”. The Huffington Post. Retrieved December 16, 2010.
• SIECUS Report of Public Support of Sexuality Education (2009)SIECUS Report Online at the Wayback Machine

A CASE MANAGEMENT ON SUBSTANCE ABUSE CLIENTS


A CASE MANAGEMENT ON SUBSTANCE ABUSE CLIENTS

A case management is a contemporary term that is used to refer to the actions taken by a social worker to mobilize and to bring together to various services needed in a case for efficient, effective service delivery. A case manager aims to ensure a continum of care to client systems with complex multiple problems and disability attempts to interview clinically to ameliorate illness or loss of function, and utilizes social work skills of collaborating, promoting teamwork, brokering negotiating, mediating and advocating a boundary approach to service delivery. (Vourlekis & Creene 1992).
A case manager aims to provide services in the context of the client systems least restrictive setting while promoting client system self determination and normalization.
Drug may be helpful and unhelpful to human existence. It is helpful when prescribed or unprescribed and abuse for unhealthy reasons.
A drug is any chemical that affects the structure or function of a living organism. This definition is very broad and includes such chemicals as aspirin, caffeine and alcohol. Every society accepts some drugs as appropriate and other as unacceptable. Some drugs are considered dangerous while other are harmless. But the definitions vary from society and within our society they are inconsistent and often ambiguous (Eitzen, 1980: 463).
Drug abuse or substance abuse is highly related with many other problems in our society. Drug use and abuse have no boundary or limitation by human population.
Social workers intervene in cases of drug abuse and the clientele system includes men and women, girls and boys especially youths and teenagers. Adults are not excluded here, they also abuse drugs.
A social worker can now intervene in of drug abuse by providing case work for instance a client that has been in the hospital for taking over dose of substance and eventually was about to give up ghost when neighbours intercepted and brought him. here now the doctors has treated him but now he is now back on his feet, so as social worker you need to engage the client, counsel him, that is talking him out of that plight in other not to repeat the act or to come out of his act. That is counseling him in a positive way, keep talking to him which he may air out to you why he is including in the act, it maybe due to other associated problems like divorce, unemployment or truancy, poverty a felling of hopelessness and social disorganization. It could be social prejudice, devalued self ideates, how self esteem, poor socio-economic status and socio environmental stress of living under harsh and alienating urban conditions.
People living in a deteriorated inner city slum areas who feed alienated and hopeless are the first victims of drug abuse, prolong use of heroine leads to physical addition and compulsive need for the drug. As the client is responding, the treatment by social workers may be involving or engaging the client outdoor activities and after school community programmes. The client can be referred for psychological and psychiatric evaluation if the he is not responding positively to treatment. Social worker also counsel people avoid taking drugs so that’s they may not become drug habituated or drug dependency. The client should be given a sense of happiness and well being again than as time goes on you terminate the engagement.