EDUCATION; ONE MAJOR MEANS BY WHICH ECOWAS PROMOTE INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION


EDUCATION; ONE MAJOR MEANS BY WHICH ECOWAS PROMOTE INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION
INTRODUCTION
Education in its general sense is a form of learning in which the knowledge, skills, values, beliefs and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through storytelling, discussion, teaching, training, and or research. Education may also include informal transmission of such information from one human being to another. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of others, but learners may also educate themselves (autodidactic learning). Education is commonly and formally divided into stages such as preschool, primary school, secondary school and then college, university or apprenticeship. The science and art of how best to teach is called pedagogy.
The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS; French: Communauté économique des États de l’Afrique de l’Ouest, CEDEAO) is a regional group of fifteen West African countries. Founded on 28 May 1975, with the signing of the Treaty of Lagos, its mission is to promote economic integration across the region. It comprises of 15 West African countries.
In order to reform Education in ECOWAS, within the framework of the Decade of Education adopted by the African Union, NEPAD Initiatives, Education for All as well as Millennium Development Goals (MDG), ECOWAS in 2003 adopted a Regional Protocol on Education and a Convention on the Recognition and the equivalence of Degrees, Diplomas and other qualifications. The protocol sets out priority objectives in education, and the means to achieve them within the framework of Member States cooperation. ECOWAS also adopted an Action plan that was annexed to the protocol on education relating to the priority programmes adopted by the conference of Ministers namely:
• HIV/AIDS preventive Education
• Girls Education
• Teacher training through Distance learning
• Promotion of Science and Technology
• Technical and Vocational Educational Education and Training

Objectives
• To provide all Community citizens greater access to quality education and training opportunities available in the region;
• To harmonise criteria for admission into institutions of higher learning,
research institutions, and vocational training centres; harmonise certificates; and progressively harmonise the educational and training systems in the Member States.

Justification
• Decision A/DEC.3/01/03, Protocol relating to Education and Training;
• Decision.4/01/03, General Convention on Equivalence of Certificate

ECOWAS Cultural development programme approved by the Council of Ministers is designed to strengthen and develop exchange to promote creativity, cultural tourism development, free movement of cultural products, and to enable African artists to have greater access to the international art market. It is also designed to ensure that culture is taken into account in the regional integration process for development and to foster sense of belonging.
Objectives
• • To support and encourage creativity within the ECOWAS space;
• • To promote cultural exchange
• • To strengthen cooperation with film makers

REFERENCES
• African Union
• • Data. “GDP, PPP (current international $) | Data | Table”. Data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2014-08-08.
• • Data. “GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) | Data | Table”. Data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2014-08-08.
• • Data. “GDP (current US$) | Data | Table”. Data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2014-08-08.
• • Adeyemi, Segun (6 August 2003). “West African Leaders Agree on Deployment to Liberia”. Jane’s Defence Weekly.
• • “Profile: Economic Community of West African States”. Africa Union. 18 November 2010. Retrieved 10 December 2010.
• • Bensah, Emmanuel K. (2013-07-24). “Communicating the ECOWAS Message (4): A New Roadmap for the Ouedraogo Commission(1)”. Modernghana.com. Retrieved 2014-08-08.
• • ECOWAS (2007) Information Manual: The Institutions of the Community ECOWAS
• • “Miss ECOWAS 2010”. The Economist. 18 November 2010. Retrieved 10 December 2010.
• [1] REGIONAL INTEGRATION AND COOPERATION IN WEST AFRICA A Multidimensional Perspective, Chapter 1.

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