THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SYMBOLISM AND ICONOGRAPHY


1. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SYMBOLISM AND ICONOGRAPHY
Symbolism and iconography, respectively, the basic and often complex artistic forms and gestures used as a kind of key to convey religious concepts and the visual, auditory, and kinetic representations of religious ideas and events. Symbolism and iconography have been utilized by all the religions of the world.
Since the 20th century some scholars have stressed the symbolical character of religion over attempts to present religion rationally. The symbolic aspect of religion is even considered by some scholars of psychology and mythology to be the main characteristic of religious expression. Scholars of comparative religions, ethnologists, and psychologists have gathered and interpreted a great abundance of material on the symbolical aspects of religion, especially in relation to Eastern and local religions. In recent Christian theology and liturgical practices another revaluation of religious symbolical elements has occurred. The importance of symbolical expression and of the pictorial presentation of religious facts and ideas has been confirmed, widened, and deepened both by the study of local cultures and religions and by the comparative study of world religions.
2. SYMBOLS OF NIGERIA COAT OF ARMS
The Coat of Arms of Nigeria has a black shield with two white lines that form in a “Y” shape. The black shield represents Nigeria’s fertile soil, while the two horses or chargers on each side represent dignity. The eagle represents strength, while the green and white bands on the top of the shield represent the rich soil.[1]
The red flowers at the base are Costus spectabilis, Nigeria’s national flower. This flower was chosen for inclusion in the coat of arms as it is found all over Nigeria and also stand for the beauty of the nation,The White Latter Y represent River niger And River Benue On the band around the base is Nigeria’s national motto since 1978, “Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress”, formerly “Peace, Unity, Freedom”

3. SYMBOL OF NIGERIAN ANTHEM
“Arise, O Compatriots” is the national anthem of Nigeria. It was adopted in 1978 and replaced the previous anthem, Nigeria, We Hail Thee. The lyrics are a combination of words and phrases taken from five of the best entries in a national contest. The words were put to music by the Nigerian Police Band under the directorship of Benedict E. Odiase.
The national anthem of Nigeria begins with these words glorifying the country with its rich vibrant culture and heritage. The patriotic fervor finds the best expression through the national anthem because the song takes into account the historical past as well as the aims and aspirations of the future generation. The significance of the national anthem of Nigeria lies in the fact that it binds all the Nigerians into one chord even if they reside in far off lands.
Historical facts indicate that the first national anthem of Nigeria was adopted on 1960 and the lyrics were written by Miss Williams, a British national. Later in the subsequent years, in 1978 particularly the then National Publicity Committee of Nigeria organized a competition for a new national song. However, in this contest some winners were picked up for their excellent composition. They were— John A Ilechukwu, Eme Etim Akpan, B A Ogunnaike, Sota Omoigui and P. O. Aderibigbe.
The national anthem of Nigeria begins with these words glorifying the country with its rich vibrant culture and heritage. The patriotic fervor finds the best expression through the national anthem because the song takes into account the historical past as well as the aims and aspirations of the future generation. The significance of the national anthem of Nigeria lies in the fact that it binds all the Nigerians into one chord even if they reside in far off lands Historical facts indicate that the first national anthem of Nigeria was adopted on 1960 and the lyrics were written by Miss Williams, a British national. Later in the subsequent years, in 1978 particularly the then National Publicity Committee of Nigeria organized a competition for a new national song. However, in this contest some winners were picked up for their excellent composition. They were— John A Ilechukwu, Eme Etim Akpan, B A Ogunnaike, Sota Omoigui and P. O. Aderibigbe.
The music of the present day national anthem of Nigeria was composed by Nigerian Police Band, guided by Ben Odiase. Since Nigeria was a British colony, thus before the achievement of the independence of the country the British national song was sung and performed at popular national festivals and ceremonies. The national song of Nigeria serves as a national call for all Nigerians to serve their motherland with love and compassionate fervor. It also recalls the past history of the land especially the sacrifice of the national heroes of the country during the struggle for independence of the country. In this respect, the blessings of the lord are prayed for so as to guide the nation towards prosperity whilst ushering an era of peace in the country.

4. SYMBOL OF NIGERIAN FLAG
The Flag of Nigeria was designed in 1959 and first officially hoisted on October 1, 1960. The two unique sea-green bands represent the forests and abundant natural wealth of Nigeria while the white band represents peace. The designer of the national flag was Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi, a twenty three-year-old student.

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