Crime is the breaking of rules or laws for which some governing authority (via mechanisms such as legal systems) can ultimately prescribe a conviction. Crimes may also result in cautions, rehabilitation or be unenforced. Individual human societies may each define crime and crimes differently, in different localities (state, local, international), at different time stages of the so-called “crime”, from planning, disclosure, supposedly intended, supposedly prepared, incomplete, complete or future proclaimed after the “crime”.
While every crime violates the law, not every violation of the law counts as a crime; for example: breaches of contract and of other civil law may rank as “offences” or as “infractions”. Modern societies generally regard crimes as offences against the public or the state, as distinguished from torts (wrongs against private parties that can give rise to a civil cause of action). Many different causes and correlates of crime have been proposed with varying degree of empirical support. They include socioeconomic, psychological, biological, and behavioral factors. Controversial topics include media violence research and effects of gun politics. The label of “crime” and the accompanying social stigma normally confine their scope to those activities seen as injurious to the general population or to the State, including some that cause serious loss or damage to individuals. Those who apply the labels of “crime” or “criminal” intend to assert the hegemony of a dominant population, or to reflect a consensus of condemnation for the identified behavior and to justify any punishments prescribed by the State (in the event that standard processing tries and convicts an accused person of a crime).
CRIME: Crime in the social and legal framework is the set of facts or assumptions (causes, consequences and objectives) that are part of a case in which they were committed acts punishable under criminal law, and the application of which depends on the agent of a sentence or security measure criminal.
IDENTIFY DIFFERENT TYPES OF CRIME. (DIFFERENT FORMS & SHAPES THAT CRIME TAKES.
There are many different types of crimes, from crimes against persons to victimless crimes and violent crimes to white collar crimes. With each type of crime also come different sociological phenomena and demographic profiles.
Crimes Against Persons
Crimes against persons, also called personal crimes, include murder, aggravated assault, rape, and robbery. Personal crimes are unevenly distributed in the United States, with young, urban, poor, and racial minorities committing these crimes more than others.
Crimes Against Property
Property crimes involve theft of property without bodily harm, such as burglary, larceny, auto theft, and arson. Like personal crimes, young, urban, poor, and racial minorities generally commit these crimes more than others.
Crimes Against Morality
Crimes against morality are also called victimless crimes because there is not complainant, or victim. Prostitution, illegal gambling, and illegal drug use are all examples of victimless crimes.
White-collar crimes are crimes that committed by people of high social status who commit their crimes in the context of their occupation. This includes embezzling (stealing money from one’s employer), insider trading, and tax evasion and other violations of income tax laws.
White-collar crimes generally generate less concern in the public mind than other types of crime, however in terms of total dollars, white-collar crimes are even more consequential for society. Nonetheless, these crimes are generally the least investigated and least prosecuted.
Organized crime is crime committed by structured groups typically involving the distribution of illegal goods and services to others. Many people think of the Mafia when they think of organized crime, but the term can refer to any group that exercises control over large illegal enterprises (such as the drug trade, illegal gambling, prostitution, weapons smuggling, or money laundering).
A key sociological concept in the study or organized crime is that these industries are organized along the same lines as legitimate businesses and take on a corporate form. There are typically senior partners who control the business’ profits, workers who manage and work for the business, and clients who buy the goods and services that the organization provides.
PROBLEMS THAT CRIME HAS CREATED IN THE SOCIETY
Crime is a “Carry On” type industry. It never stops and always keeps growing on. The society has its own rule. Our society says that “One is innocent until he/she is proven guilty” and it never gives unusual and cruel punishment. So unfortunately the crime of society can not be stopped. Actually the terrific truth is that society itself creates the criminals and laws are there for them to live free.
Crime does not require any kind of education or work experience and there is not that much risk, so the person who has nothing to lose can easily choose crime as his/her career. The minimal risk and times of it rewards puts delicious test on the person’s dish. Even a person who has done crime is caught, there are free legal advices and fewer chances to visit the prison and if he/she is sent to prison, there is free room. If we do not change some rules of our society, it will be impossible for us to reduce the crime.
The major problem is that when a criminal pays off his crime and wants to come back to society, the high profile persons never allow him to be a part of society. So at the end when he embarrassed, he again moves toward the criminal world. So instead of blaming the society, we are the main players to make someone a criminal. Even the public servants such as cops, lawyers, and other government servants should do their job with full of honesty. Because a criminal always offer bribe to such people when he is caught.
If we want to reduce crime in our society, we have to change our thoughts and minds. We have to change some rules and regulations of our society. There are too many ways to reduce crime in society. First let the criminal come in our society if he wants to leave the hypnotic job of crime. We have to create interest in his mind to set himself as a genuine civilian. Only then a criminal can make a “U-turn” from his crime career. It is not easy for us to forgive a criminal and to welcome him with warm but what if he does not want to go in crime world?
So, crime is not the subject to think on or not only criminals are responsible for increasing the crime. We, the people of society, are also responsible for it as we are used to watch the crime happening against our eyes and we just watch it like a dumb audience.
The conclusion says that crime can not be stopped by happening but criminals can be diverted to our society or be punished so that no other frustrated person thinks to break the rules.
Thus, the crime is the production of a frustrated or a dirty mind, if it comes through a dirty mind, we just have to vanish that or else we have many options and some of them remove crime and rest of them creates another reasons to develop the crime.
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