INTER RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RELIGION AND CULTURE


INTRODUCTION
The issue of religion and culture can be seen as man’s greatest asset as they have been with man right from the creation. It is often said that man, culture and religion co-exist together. Thus culture can be define as the complex whole which includes knowledge, belief,art, law, morals, customs and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of the society tylor 1871: 52
Whereas Religion can also be define as the varied symbolic expression of and appropriate response to that which people deliberately affirm as being of unrestricted value for them. Cavanagh (1978:9)
Religion is an organized collection of belief systems, cultural systems, and world views that relate humanity to spirituality and, sometimes, to moral values. Many religions have narratives, symbols, traditions and sacred histories that are intended to give meaning to life or to explain the origin of life or the Universe. From their ideas about the cosmos and human nature, they tend to derive morality, ethics, religious laws or a preferred lifestyle. According to some estimates, there are roughly 4,200 religions in the world. Culture (Latin: cultura, lit. “cultivation”) is a modern concept based on a term first used in classical antiquity by the Roman orator, Cicero: “cultura animi”. The term “culture” appeared first in its current sense in Europe in the 18th and 19th centuries, to connote a process of cultivation or improvement, as in agriculture or horticultureFor the German nonpositivist sociologist Georg Simmel, culture referred to “the cultivation of individuals through the agency of external forms which have been objectified in the course of history”.
In the 20th century, “culture” emerged as a central concept in anthropology, encompassing the range of human phenomena that cannot be attributed to genetic inheritance. Specifically, the term “culture” in American anthropology had two meanings:
(1) The evolved human capacity to classify and represent experiences with symbols, and to act imaginatively and creatively; and
(2) The distinct ways that people living in different parts of the world classified and represented their experiences, and acted creatively. The interrelationship between religion and culture can be briefly summary below;
1. Religion and culture are as old as mankind itself
2. Both are the foundations where both ancient and modern norms and values of societies were rooted
3. Culture begets religion, where the religion of a place begets societal settings.
4. Societal values, norms, rites of passage and ritual associated with ones culture can be traced to the kind of religion practices.
5. Religion and culture remould an individual for better consciousness and awaereness.
CONCLUSION
From the above statements, one can deduce that there exist and interrelationship between religion and culture not only in our families or societies but in every aspect of our human lives.

REFERENCES
• ^ The Everything World’s Religions Book: Explore the Beliefs, Traditions and Cultures of Ancient and Modern Religions, page 1 Kenneth Shouler – 2010
• ^ Oxford Dictionaries mythology, retrieved 9 September 2012
• ^ Durkheim, E. (1915) The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life. London: George Allen & Unwin, p.10.
• “Adolf Bastian”. Today in Science History. 27 Jan 2009 Today in Science History
• “Adolf Bastian”, Encyclopædia Britannica Online, 27 January 2009
• Ankerl, Guy (2000) [2000]. Global communication without universal civilization, vol.1: Coexisting contemporary civilizations: Arabo-Muslim, Bharati, Chinese, and Western. INU societal research. Geneva: INU Press. ISBN 2-88155-004-5.
tylor 1871: 52
Cavanagh (1978:9)

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