NIGERIA’S APRIL 2011 GENERAL ELECTIONS – PRESIDENT GOODLUCK JONATHAN 16 LIES TO THE ELECTORATES TO BE VOTED INTO OFFICE


A media publication sponsored by Rocheba Law Publishers and IKANG conglomerate Nigeria ltd listed sixteen lies on which president Good luck Jonathan should be voted by the masses. They claimed they want some Fresh Air, based on the new face of Nigerian democracy. They listed the following sixteen lies which they termed reasons to vote Jonathan on April 16th 2011.
After having observe these so called sixteen ‘reasons’ I wish to state categorically that having seen the best of president Goodluck nine months stay in office, I came to disapprove on the listed reasons and called on Nigerians to vote for a northerner, based on the zoning arrangements made by certain principal members of the ruling party, the peoples democratic party (PDP) and other well meaning leaders of thought in the country in 1998.
Former president and vice-president Chief Olusegun Obasanjo and Atiku Abubakar, and not forgetting that our current Nigerian president, Goodluck Jonathan was present at the gathering and even signed the agreement allowing power to return to the north after the expiration of the eight year term of chief Olusegun Obasanjo by 2007. The rest that follows after that is now history….
The 16 reasons which made President Goodluck Jonathan to be reelected were all false and too confusing in the eyes of the Nigerian masses. They include;

1. IS TRULLY HUMBLE AND HONESTLY SINCERE;
How can President Goodluck Jonathan be sincere when he reneged on the agreement and arrangement of the zoning formula for power to revert back to the northern part of Nigeria in 2011. What can we tell of these?

2. HAS KEPT HIS WORDS ON CREDIBLE ELECTIONS;
Their was nothing so special as free and credible elections in the just concluded April general elections, where their were wide spread cases of electoral fraud ranging from ballot boxes snatching, rigging and snuffing of ballot papers, intimidation of opposition political parties and so on. These elections will record a high rate of petitions compare to any other in the history of electioneering in country based on the offences committed.

3. REDEFINED NIGERIAN DEMOCRACY IN 9 MONTHS;
How can we say democracy has been redefined in Nigeria when common primaries of major political parties’ candidates were handpicked or selected by godfathers and political associates. Most candidates without the right ‘connections’ to high and powerful government places were screened out. Voters’ registration and card that was done electronically was on the day of the election not used to ascertain the true nature of the voters as well as in the verifications of final result collations.

4. REFORMED THE PETROLEUM SECTOR IN 9 MONTHS;
How do we explain reforms in this sector when Nigeria, an important oil producer keep importing fuel overseas? We should not be carried away by the disappearance of fuel scarcity in our country. It was a tool designed by the corrupt ‘godfathers’ who continuously enriched theirselves from the gains of hike in the petroleum product whenever they create an artificial scarcity. Infact, we should not see the so called amnesty programme as a key to describe the ratings in the present petroleum sector in Nigeria. After the general elections, let’s wait and see if ‘long’ fuel queue will not resurface in our petrol stations again!

5. MADE AIR TRAVEL SAFER IN NIGERIA IN 9 MONTHS;
When we still have rusty air craft and unsecured airport, we cry to say air transport is now safe in Nigeria. Compare the high cost of aviation fuel as well as what the charge per one flight from one city of Nigeria to the other. The fact that our airports are safe today lies in the fact that the ‘evil’ minded ones have not looked towards that direction. Let’s not forget what various media houses have been saying that ‘BIN LADEN’ men are here in Nigeria, very soon they may start hitting us hard. May God continue to save us all.

6. RESURRECTED RAIL TRANSPORTATION IN JUST 9 MONTHS;
How many Nigerian ply the train stations to make a trip from one place to the other? Have the pension of the rail way workers been paid? The much talked about mono rail is a political talk, has it seen the light of the day?

7. ESTABLISHED 9 FEDERAL UNIVERSITIES IN 9 MONTHS;
How can we say we have established Nine New universities that are yet to become operational even in terms of structures? At times the country makes me laugh. I see adverts and broadcast from close friends and political associates of President Goodluck Jonathan using this as a campaign tool. We are establishing new universities when the formers ones keep producing graduates that are yet to be employed. Haba!

8. HAS GIVEN SURE HOPE TO THE NIGER DELTA IN 9 MONTHS;
What hope is in a region yet to witness any developmental changes within the last 9 months? You only gave the trouble youths in the region who claimed at first to be freedom fighters and now militants a patry amnesty deal we called rehabilitation programme. How can you be paying close to 80,000 naira to unemployed aggrieved ‘repentant’ militant when millions of Niger delta graduates and others from other parts of the country went to school for between 4-7 years, serve their fatherland under the NYSC scheme where they were paid a patry 9,775 naira monthly for ten months and now unable to find a job? Why not the same allowance(s) be paid to them also? So we are saying except the unemployed youths in the country becomes aggrieved and take up arms in the country, then an ‘AUSTERITY’ programme will be launch for them. We should not forget what happen in Tunisia hastily.

9. IMPROVED POWER FROM 1500-4000MW IN 9 MONTHS;
Must we be using availability of electricity to Nigerian as a campaign tool? After all it is the corrupt Nigerian leaders that have stalled the steady supply of energy across the country due to their selfish gains they derived from the importation of generators in the country. When other countries are boasting of 20,000 or 50,000 mega watts, we are singing praises high above the heavens for just 4000mw. Na wa o!

10. INCREASED MINIMUM WAGE FOR WORKERS IN NIGERIA;
Increased minimum wage to what? A patry 18,000 naira that is yet to be implemented, that even most states are shouting they can’t afford to pay. A minimum wage that is yet to be implemented or paid to a single worker across the country, yet it has become a campaign tool. How do you explain the over 13 million naira earned by our legislators monthly that accounts to 25% of our yearly national budget, yet they shout over 18,000 to pay workers monthly!

11. OPENED POLITICAL SPACE FOR ALL TO ASPIRE IN 9 MONTHS;
Which political space? Instead the political space was overheated with slogan of ‘WANT SOME FRESH AIR’. What can we say about the post election violence that swept the northern part of the country? We should watch it in Imo, Bayelsa and Adamawa States, it could boil soon!

12. ACHEIVED 3 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS IN 9 MONTHS;
Under state security, a new constitution can be produce within 90 days, so why do we celebrate an amendment that would even benefit them the political class?

13. IS NOT INTIMIDATED BY POLITICAL VIOLENCE TO LOSE FOCUS;
Did we experience any major violence in the country before the elections or after the elections, let Nigerians answer for me?

14. APPOINTED JEGA SOLELY TO ACHIEVE CREDIBLE ELECTIONS;
Their we go again. Even the electoral umpire was appointed by him so why wouldn’t he do his bidding. How are sure that the much talked about direct data capture machines (DDC) were not electronically tampered?

15. BELIEVES A RULING PARTY NEED NOT RIG TO STAY IN POWER;
But almost all the party candidates rigged their respective elections to win and stay in power, so what are we talking about.

16. DOESN’T INFLUENCE ELECTION RESULT FOR FRIENDS OR ENEMIES;
The sun is still high, let wait till night falls. Until a forensic investigation is carried out on all alleged claimed votes across the country then we will all know who influence or those that did not influenced. Only time will tell us. When other countries say, may God bless them; I can only shout may God save Nigeria!

preparation during pregnancy


Healthier mothers have healthier babies, says the UN chronicle. It also observes that when a woman gets inadequate medical care or none at all during pregnancy, childbirth, and the period thereafter, her baby also receives little or no medical care.
In some lands it may be difficult for a pregnant woman to get adequate care. Perhaps she has far to travel, or she may be unable to cover medical costs. Still, if at all possible, an expectant mother should try to get at least some professional prenatal care.
The following are steps to take during pregnancy. They include;
1. Choose your hospital, doctor, or midwife wisely by doing advance research.
2. Make a regular visit to your doctor or midwife, especially a trusting, friendly relationship.
3. Give careful attention to your health. If possible, take the appropriate vitamins, but avoid medication (even over the counter products) unless your doctor approves. It is wise to avoid alcohol. “although the highest risk is to babies whose mothers drink heavily, it is not clear yet whether there is any completely safe level of alcohol during pregnancy,” states the National institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
4. If you experience premature labour pains (prior to the 37th week), contact your doctor or maternity ward immediately. Prompt attention may help prevent a premature delivery and the complications that can result.
5. Document personal decisions relating to medical care. For example, many have found it helpful to have a durable power of attorney (DPA) card filled out ahead of time. Find out what is used and legally accepted in your country.
6. after the birth be mindful of your health and that of your baby, especially if the baby came prematurely. Consult the pediatrician right away if you observe any problems.
Newly wed mums are always at the cross road when it come to preparing and getting set to take in. the pressures, tensions and high expectations from family members and friends as regards to when the timing of the new baby will come. This thoughts and comments always put the new mothers under intense heats, but not to worry again as this article will seek to explain more about preparing and getting ready for pregnancy. Here I will also tell you how to know your safe and free periods so as to easily beat that fear and
anxieties of pregnancy and become a smiling mother tomorrow!
According to figures released in October 2007, one woman dies nearly every minute-536,000 a year-because of problems associated with pregnancy.-United Nations Population Fund
You can also learn more about preparations during pregnancy by clicking on this hop link Click Here!
For all I know and read was gotten from this book and I highly recommend it for you and expectant mother. I wish you a safe delivery when the time comes for you to put to bed.

8 WAYS YOU CAN MAKE MONEY ONLINE


Making money online is a goal that many people share but only a
small percentage achieve. It’s certainly not an easy task when
you’re just starting out. It requires a certain degree of knowledge
and determination to succeed.
There are a number of skills which you’ll need to learn if you want
to be really successful. And by that I mean making enough money to
replace your current income. If you’re not too ambitious and you
just want to supplement your existing wage with a little bit of
extra money, it shouldn’t be too difficult. There are easy ways to
do this and you can always scale up your efforts to increase your
income if things go according to plan.
But first you need to understand the basic methods of how to make
money using the internet. Below is a list of ways that are the most
common and established ways to make money online.
In no order of preference these are…
1. Affiliate marketing – a method used to promote other people’s
products and services from which you can make a commission when
your marketing efforts lead to a sale or a sales lead. Making money
as an online affiliate can be as simple as placing a link on a
website that contains your affiliate code. But more likely it will
involve you recommending a product or service, either through a
written article or some form of advice that people will find useful.
2. Google AdSense – this method will enable you to earn money from
sponsored adverts. It’s a method that requires you to have a
website or blog with a regular flow of visitors, and provides
useful information on a specific subject. Certain topics will
provide better conversion rates than others so it pays to do some
research first. To learn more about how Google AdSense works study
the related articles in the column to your right.
3. Email marketing – email marketing is a method that requires a
lot of groundwork to be successful. It can be very powerful in
generating sales under the right circumstances. But it’s also
fraught with risks if not used correctly.
4. Online Network marketing – if you like dealing with people and
prefer the idea of building a business slowly that can provide a
long term income, network marketing might just be your thing.
Choosing the right business to deal with is essential though.
5. Membership sites – the profit potential from setting up and
running a membership site can be enormous. But this will largely
depend on what type of specialised information you can provide
subscribers.
6. Digital product sales – this is where experienced internet
marketing experts can really make a killing. Many have gone on to
reach millionaire status simply by creating their own digital
products and selling them through their own email lists. Or
partnering with other successful marketers with large lists of
potential buyers. They also use affiliates to promote and sell
their products for them which can be a very profitable experience
for both parties involved, especially for the product creator.
7. eCommerce website – a large percentage of business online is
conducted through ecommerce websites. If you’re serious about
building a solid business with real potential growth, establishing
a notable brand and setting up an ecommerce site selling products
that people are wanting to buy, can go a long way to building a
very successful business. A business that could possibly be sold
for a very tidy sum once it’s well established.
8. ebay selling – selling goods on ebay is something that anyone
with an ebay account can use to make some money. You may not
necessarily make much of a profit, but it’s a surefire way to
pocket some money if your items sell. But ebay gives you the
opportunity to do more than just sell a few unwanted things lying
around the house. If you want to learn how to make money on the
internet in other ways, selling on ebay can help you learn and
develop a few of the essential skills you’ll need to become a good
internet marketer.
Anyone who can learn the basic skills required to create an income
using one or more of the methods outlined above will soon be able
to take full advantage of the opportunities that exist to make
money online.

THE CREATION OF RUMUORLUMENI COMMUNITY,OBIO/AKPOR L.G.A OF RIVERS STATE


INTRODUCTION
Historically, the quest of where Rumuorlumeni as a community emanated from and how it came into existence has been a controversial issue. However no community progresses without her children knowing the fundamental background of their existence.
The genesis of Rumuorlumeni dates back to the time of a man known as Akpor. Akpor gave birth to another man known as Oparali his first son, among others. Oparali now in town gave birth to Wokaji, who eventually became a chief. Wokaji had many wives among who was a woman as Ehiea Woke-Ada who hailed from woke-Ada’s compound in Akami (also known as Ogbogoro). Ehiea prospered and gave birth to Koro wokaji and Orlumeni Wokaji who is the nucleus of what is now known as “Rumuorlumeni community”.
According to tradition as was the case then, Koro Wokaji with some other men went to seek for wealth and prosperity from some notable oracles like “IGWE-KALI” and “Amadioha”. Koro took with him Orlumeni his younger brother as a guide and companion. The chief priest, after consulting with the oracle, promised that wealth was going to come but would manifest itself in a brotherly village. They were however ordered to make some sacrifice, which Orlumeni was the only one legible enough to perform because he had not known any woman as at then. He performed the sacrifice.
A time came when chief Wokaji died and following his death, his property was to be shared amongst his offspring. During this period, according to a custom known as ‘OKENKPE” or inheritance, one of Wokaji’s wife was given to Koro, the eldest son for marriage, but surprisingly the woman refuse to marry Koro. She instead choose to marry Orlumeni , claiming that she preferred him because he always helped her in her farm works when the father was alive. This development resulted to jealousy on the part of Koro who now developed hatred for Orlumeni. The depth of this hatred now led Koro conspiring to kill Orlumeni.
The purported plan got to the knowledge of NYENWENWO of OGBAKIRI from whom it got to Ehiea, that people were in the bush armed to murder Orlumeni. At this time, Orlumeni was in the bush cutting palm fruits between the boundaries of Rumuoparali and Rumualoguru.
Ehiea hurriedly prepared a meal and rush down to where Orlumeni was, possibly to create a wrong impression to observers on her purpose of going to the bush. She spotted Orlumeni and made a sound to attract his attention. She then gave him a sign of danger by gripping her throat. Orlumeni understood and both of them ran to Ogbogoro. Enough protection was not guaranteed there and the couple further sojourned east-wards across Nbelekwuru (okamini Bridge) and met a man known as Okeah Walinwor cultivating yam in his farm. Orlumeni hid his wife in the bush and met Okeah Walinwor with his family working. He helped them in boring holes for planting of yams. He roasted yams and sent to his wife in the bush. His movement into the bush became so rampant that he was questioned. He then told them that his wife was hidden there and the rest of his stories. He was then offered protection.
As events has already shown, Orlumeni was not an original inhabitant of the present Rumuorlumeni community, neither was Okeah Walinwor. The original inhabitants were the “AKALAKA” people, who were later expelled by Walinwor. Before the expulsion of the AKALAKA people, Orlumeni had mingled himself with them and receive some blessing of everlasting inheritance of the land, symbolized by some sand of the earth goddess being poured into Orlumeni’s palms and stacked with “owhor”. He was then cautioned not to allow any stranger overpower him. Emanating from a series of events, Orlumeni triumphed and overshadowed Walinwor and his people and further built a akingdom, like the Biblical Cannan.
It is note worthy that the exact time Orlumeni’s migration is not yet ascertain, rather eveidences has shown that it occurred before the succession of King Amakiri the second in the late Eighteen century. Before his death, Orlumeni had three sons, namely; Okocha Orlumeni, Amadi Orlumeni and Wagwu Orlumeni from three different mothers. These sons of Orlumeni now harnessed all natural materials and available resources to build the powerful ancient village of Rumuorlumeni community. Thus by tactical and rigourous wars and series of conquest, a dynasty was established by Orlumeni. That was the name, RUMUORLUMENI came into existence and which today has six principal villages known as; Mgbuoshimini, Nkpor, Mgbuodohia, Minikpiti, Azumini and Mgbuakara.

NUCLEAR WEAPON


A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission or a combination of fission and fusion. Both reactions release vast quantities of energy from relatively small amounts of matter. The first fission (“atomic”) bomb test released the same amount of energy as approximately 20,000 tons of TNT. The first thermonuclear (“hydrogen”) bomb test released the same amount of energy as approximately 10,000,000 tons of TNT.
A modern thermonuclear weapon weighing little more than 2,400 pounds (1,100 kg) can produce an explosive force comparable to the detonation of more than 1.2 million tons (1.1 million tonnes) of TNT. Thus, even a small nuclear device no larger than traditional bombs can devastate an entire city by blast, fire and radiation. Nuclear weapons are considered weapons of mass destruction, and their use and control have been a major focus of international relations policy since their debut.
Only two nuclear weapons have been used in the course of warfare, both by the United States near the end of World War II. On 6 August 1945, a uranium gun-type fission bomb code-named “Little Boy” was detonated over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Three days later, on 9 August, a plutonium implosion-type fission bomb code-named “Fat Man” was exploded over Nagasaki, Japan. These two bombings resulted in the deaths of approximately 200,000 Japanese people—mostly civilians—from acute injuries sustained from the explosions. The role of the bombings in Japan’s surrender, and their ethical status, remain the subject of scholarly and popular debate.
Since the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, nuclear weapons have been detonated on over two thousand occasions for testing purposes and demonstrations. Only a few nations possess such weapons or are suspected of seeking them. The only countries known to have detonated nuclear weapons—and that acknowledge possessing such weapons—are (chronologically by date of first test) the United States, the Soviet Union (succeeded as a nuclear power by Russia), the United Kingdom, France, the People’s Republic of China, India, Pakistan, and North Korea. In addition, Israel is also widely believed to possess nuclear weapons, though it does not acknowledge having them. One state, South Africa, fabricated nuclear weapons in the past, but as its apartheid regime was coming to an end it disassembled its arsenal, acceded to the NPT and accepted full-scope international safeguards.
The Federation of American Scientists estimates there are more than 19,000 nuclear warheads in the world as of 2012, with around 4,400 of them kept in “operational” status, ready for use.[
Two types of nuclear weapon are;
Fission weapons and Fusion weapons
Other types
There are other types of nuclear weapons as well. For example, a boosted fission weapon is a fission bomb that increases its explosive yield through a small amount of fusion reactions, but it is not a fusion bomb. In the boosted bomb, the neutrons produced by the fusion reactions serve primarily to increase the efficiency of the fission bomb.
Some weapons are designed for special purposes; a neutron bomb is a thermonuclear weapon that yields a relatively small explosion but a relatively large amount of neutron radiation; such a device could theoretically be used to cause massive casualties while leaving infrastructure mostly intact and creating a minimal amount of fallout. The detonation of any nuclear weapon is accompanied by a blast of neutron radiation. Surrounding a nuclear weapon with suitable materials (such as cobalt or gold) creates a weapon known as a salted bomb. This device can produce exceptionally large quantities of radioactive contamination.
Research has been done into the possibility of pure fusion bombs: nuclear weapons that consist of fusion reactions without requiring a fission bomb to initiate them. Such a device might provide a simpler path to thermonuclear weapons than one that required development of fission weapons first, and pure fusion weapons would create significantly less nuclear fallout than other thermonuclear weapons, since they would not disperse fission products. In 1998, the United States Department of Energy divulged that the United States had, “…made a substantial investment” in the past to develop pure fusion weapons, but that, “The U.S. does not have and is not developing a pure fusion weapon,” and that, “No credible design for a pure fusion weapon resulted from the DOE investment.”
Most variation in nuclear weapon design is for the purpose of achieving different yields for different situations, and in manipulating design elements to attempt to minimize weapon size.
Weapons delivery
The first nuclear weapons were gravity bombs, such as this “Fat Man” weapon dropped on Nagasaki, Japan. They were very large and could only be delivered by heavy bomber aircraft Nuclear weapons delivery—the technology and systems used to bring a nuclear weapon to its target—is an important aspect of nuclear weapons relating both to nuclear weapon design and nuclear strategy. Additionally, development and maintenance of delivery options is among the most resource-intensive aspects of a nuclear weapons program: according to one estimate, deployment costs accounted for 57% of the total financial resources spent by the United States in relation to nuclear weapons since 1940.
Historically the first method of delivery, and the method used in the two nuclear weapons used in warfare, was as a gravity bomb, dropped from bomber aircraft. This is usually the first method that countries developed, as it does not place many restrictions on the size of the weapon and weapon miniaturization requires considerable weapons design knowledge. It does, however, limit attack range, response time to an impending attack, and the number of weapons that a country can field at the same time.
With the advent of miniaturization, nuclear bombs can be delivered by both strategic bombers and tactical fighter-bombers, allowing an air force to use its current fleet with little or no modification. This method may still be considered the primary means of nuclear weapons delivery; the majority of U.S. nuclear warheads, for example, are free-fall gravity bombs, namely the B61. More preferable from a strategic point of view is a nuclear weapon mounted onto a missile, which can use a ballistic trajectory to deliver the warhead over the horizon. While even short range missiles allow for a faster and less vulnerable attack, the development of long-range intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) and submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs) has given some nations the ability to plausibly deliver missiles anywhere on the globe with a high likelihood of success.
More advanced systems, such as multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles (MIRVs), can launch multiple warheads at different targets from one missile, reducing the chance of a successful missile defense. Today, missiles are most common among systems designed for delivery of nuclear weapons. Making a warhead small enough to fit onto a missile, though, can be difficult.

CONTINENT


A continent is one of several very large landmasses on Earth. They are generally identified by convention rather than any strict criteria, with seven regions commonly regarded as continents—they are (from largest in size to smallest): Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia.
Plate tectonics is the geological process and study of the movement, collision and division of continents, earlier known as continental drift.
Conventionally, “continents are understood to be large, continuous, discrete masses of land, ideally separated by expanses of water.” Many of the seven most commonly recognized continents identified by convention are not discrete landmasses separated by water. The criterion “large” leads to arbitrary classification: Greenland, with a surface area of 2,166,086 square kilometres (836,330 sq mi) is considered the world’s largest island, while Australia, at 7,617,930 square kilometres (2,941,300 sq mi) is deemed to be a continent. Likewise, the ideal criterion that each be a continuous landmass is often disregarded by the inclusion of the continental shelf and oceanic islands, and contradicted by classifying North and South America as two continents; and/or Eurasia and Africa as two continents, with no natural separation by water. This anomaly reaches its extreme if the continuous land mass of Europe and Asia is considered to constitute two continents. The Earth’s major landmasses are washed upon by a single, continuous world ocean, which is divided into a number of principal oceanic components by the continents and various geographic criteria.
The narrowest meaning of continent is that of a continuous area of land or mainland, with the coastline and any land boundaries forming the edge of the continent. In this sense the term continental Europe (sometimes “the Continent”) is used to refer to mainland Europe, excluding islands such as Great Britain, Ireland, and Iceland, and the term continent of Australia may refer to the mainland of Australia, excluding Tasmania and New Guinea. Similarly, the continental United States refers to the 48 contiguous states in central North America and may include Alaska in the northwest of the continent (the two being separated by Canada), while excluding Hawaii in the middle of the Pacific Ocean.
From the perspective of geology or physical geography, continent may be extended beyond the confines of continuous dry land to include the shallow, submerged adjacent area (the continental shelf) and the islands on the shelf (continental islands), as they are structurally part of the continent. From this perspective the edge of the continental shelf is the true edge of the continent, as shorelines vary with changes in sea level. In this sense the islands of Great Britain and Ireland are part of Europe, while Australia and the island of New Guinea together form a continent.
As a cultural construct, the concept of a continent may go beyond the continental shelf to include oceanic islands and continental fragments. In this way, Iceland is considered part of Europe and Madagascar part of Africa. Extrapolating the concept to its extreme, some geographers group the Australasian continental plate with other islands in the Pacific into one continent called Oceania. This allows the entire land surface of the Earth to be divided into continents or quasi-continents.
To sum it all, there are just seven continents and there exist nations and define government in each one of them. These seven continents are;
AFRICA
ASIA
EUROPE
NORTH AMERICA
SOUTH AMERICA
AUSTRALIA
ANTARCTICA

10 TOP STEPS TO STARTING A BUSINESS


Starting a business involves planning, making key financial decisions and completing a series of legal activities. These 10 easy steps can help you plan, prepare and manage your business.
Step 1: Write a Business Plan
Use these tools and resources to create a business plan. This written guide will help you map out how you will start and run your business successfully.
Step 2: Get Business Assistance and Training
Take advantage of free training and counseling services, from preparing a business plan and securing financing, to expanding or relocating a business.
Step 3: Choose a Business Location
Get advice on how to select a customer-friendly location and comply with zoning laws.
Step 4: Finance Your Business
Find government backed loans, venture capital and research grants to help you get started.
Step 5: Determine the Legal Structure of Your Business
Decide which form of ownership is best for you: sole proprietorship, partnership, Limited Liability Company (LLC), corporation, S corporation, nonprofit or cooperative.
Step 6: Register a Business Name (“Doing Business As”)
Register your business name with your state government.
Step 7: Get a Tax Identification Number
Learn which tax identification number you’ll need to obtain from the IRS and your state revenue agency.
Step 8: Register for State and Local Taxes
Register with your state to obtain a tax identification number, workers’ compensation, unemployment and disability insurance.
Step 9: Obtain Business Licenses and Permits
Get a list of federal, state and local licenses and permits required for your business.
Step 10: Understand Employer Responsibilities
Learn the legal steps you need to take to hire employees.
Startup Resources
There are a number of available programs to assist startups, micro businesses, and underserved or disadvantaged groups. The following resources provide information to help specialized audiences start their own businesses.
• Environmentally-Friendly “Green” Business
• Home-Based Business
• Online Business
• Self Employment
• Minority Owned Business
• Veteran Owned Business
• Woman Owned Business
You can save money when starting or expanding your business by using government surplus. From commercial real estate and cars, to furniture, computers and office equipment, find what you need for your business in one place.