CHINA SPORTS


China officially the People’s Republic of China (PRC), is the world’s most populous country, with a population of over 1.3 billion. Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometres, the East Asian state is the world’s second-largest country by land area,[14] and the third- or fourth-largest in total area, depending on the definition of total area.[15]
The People’s Republic of China is a single-party state governed by the Communist Party of China.[16] It exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four directly controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and two mostly self-governing special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau).[17] Its capital city is Beijing.[18] The PRC also claims Taiwan—which is controlled by the Republic of China (ROC), a separate political entity—as its 23rd province, a claim controversial due to the complex political status of Taiwan and the unresolved Chinese Civil War. The PRC government denies the legitimacy of the ROC.
Sports
China has one of the oldest sporting cultures in the world. There is evidence that a form of association football was played in China around 1000 AD.[383] Today, some of the most popular sports in the country include martial arts, basketball, football, table tennis, badminton, swimming and snooker. Board games such as go (known as weiqi in China), xiangqi, and more recently chess, are also played at a professional level.[384]
Physical fitness is widely emphasized in Chinese culture. Morning exercises are a common activity, with elderly citizens encouraged to practice qigong and t’ai chi ch’uan.[385] Young people in China are also keen on basketball, especially in urban centers with limited space and grass areas. The American National Basketball Association has a huge following among Chinese youths, with ethnic Chinese players such as Yao Ming being held in high esteem.[386] Commercial gyms and fitness clubs are rapidly gaining popularity in China, with over 3,000 such establishments serving around 3 million active subscribers in China’s major cities in 2010.[387]
Many more traditional sports are also played in China. Dragon boat racing occurs during the annual nationwide Dragon Boat Festival, and has since gained popularity abroad. In Inner Mongolia, sports such as Mongolian-style wrestling and horse racing are popular. In Tibet, archery and equestrianism are a part of traditional festivals.[388]
China has participated in the Olympic Games since 1932, although it has only participated as the PRC since 1952. China hosted the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, where its athletes received 51 gold medals – the highest number of gold medals of any participating nation that year.[389] China will host the 2013 East Asian Games in Tianjin and the 2014 Youth Olympic Games in Nanjing.
References
1. ^ Chan, Kam Wing (2007). “Misconceptions and Complexities in the Study of China’s Cities: Definitions, Statistics, and Implications”. Eurasian Geography and Economics 48 (4): 383–412. doi:10.2747/1538-7216.48.4.383. Retrieved 7 August 2011. p. 395
2. ^ “What are China’s largest and richest cities?” University of Southern California – US-China Institute, 2007. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
3. ^ a b “Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Standard Spoken and Written Chinese Language (Order of the President No.37)”. Gov.cn. Retrieved 27 April 2010. “For purposes of this Law, the standard spoken and written Chinese language means Putonghua (a common speech with pronunciation based on the Beijing dialect) and the standardized Chinese characters.”

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s