Crime is an economically important activity which according to Becker (1968) is almost totally neglected by economist. This neglect makes economics of crime a relatively new filed for economic investigation that has been aided by the fact that in the last four decades, there has been an outstanding increase in criminal activities as some reports and studies have conferred in Nigeria (CLEEN, 2006: Motor, 2009 among others).
Factors affecting crime and determinants is closely related to poverty, social exclusion, income inequality, cultural and family background, religion, unemployment, education, age, gender, race, urbanization and a host of other economic and socio-demographic factors that influence the mind and behaviour of the individual in making decision (Buonanno and montolio, 2008: Gumus 2004; Motor, 2009; and Rustepeli and Ond, 2006). As such, criminal activities are not restricted to economic systems or to leadership styles. In addition, crimes are also not peculiar to level of economic growth and development. This is not to say however, that criminal activities are similar or same across countries. In Nigeria society, there are “the weaks” as well as “the strong” The physical social political and economically weak” and vice versa. As is the case in human nature, one group wants to feed and grow on the other. As a result this, there are social ills such as crimes these may include thuggery, armed robbery, airson, murder, rape, burglary, assault and other various forms of crimes all over the place.
People find it difficult to obey the law, hence traffic rules are fragrantly disobeyed, leading to high accident rates, which results in lost of lives and properties. The afore-discussed, underscored the need for a body responsible for the protection and enforcement of law and order in the land.
Iwarimie – Jaja (2000-28) has defined crime in a legal sense as an intentional act or omission in violation of prescribed defense or justification and prescribed by the state Antonomy as a felony, Misdemeanor or simple offense.
Other victims of the armed robbers and assassinations included Dr. Obi Wali, Kudirate Abiola, Alfred Rewane, Madam Esther Tejuosho, Toyin Onagunruwa etc. Ekpenyoung (999:25) agree with his when he writes: New to the scene and Imo State violence in Nigeria is the rising tide of assassination, which have left the citizens in fear. These brutal Killings cut across every stratum of the society. An exhaustive list of the case of assassination in the past five years would be difficult, it not impossible to prepare since most of them go Unreported in the dailies.
These criminals and assassins carrying out their nefariour deeds in gangs against innocent people and they are frequently hired to kill and inflict injuries and to commit other types of criminal acts. This appears to have declared war on the nation and have succeeded in instilling anxiety fear, insecurity and helplessness on the Imo State population. According Mohamed Akran delivered on July 8.1999:13at a National Seminar on Sharia and the problem of indiscipline in Niger quoting a Paris-based interpol’s international criminal statistics said that: In 1987 about 19, 153 cases of aggravated robberies were reported. The number fumbed to 150, 187 in 1990. By this same year about 216 criminals were killed. As at today, the number of criminals killed has sky rocked beyond human Understanding National Concord Newspaper, September 8, 1999.
As state earlier, the statistical analysis of factors affecting crimes. These factors are treated as explanatory variable in the specification of the model. Factors that affects crime is income variable. There exists several ways of capturing the income variables in economics of crime.
These problem are so serious that the police finds it difficult to do their duties, more so, that it is longer news to hear that the police social agitations, etc. in this country. Almost everyday, our media house report increase in the rate of violent crime e.g robbery, car-Snatvls nbot as if the police lack the ability, the print is that there is extremely poor and inadequate, communication process and network couple with statistical performance.
It takes two or more days for information of a crime incident to circulate within an ordinary division, not to mention Imo State or the country as a whole. It is apparent the equipment such as radio sets, telephone in all station, Walkier-talkie and vehicles, just to mention a few, are in short supply. Vehicles in terms if carrying personnel from one point to another, carrying message from one division to another, for anti-crime patrol, etc aimed at checking the crime rate.
The statistical communications problem does not rest on internal and crime performance only. The link between the police and the public is just not effective. There is no adequate information no what the police is just not effective. There is not adequate information on what the police are doing. Thus, inturn affect their image. This has reached to Imo State whereby the Nigeria police finds it difficult to relate crime will with the public. They are not considered credible by the public. This led to a situation whereby Akhagbicha, G. (1886) in its “police and the society” Committed thus; a…but when a policeman refuses to show mercy and understand on the society that shelters, cloth and feed him, the society, then se the every language or means to condemn him, hence the general contempt for police in our society” still the mean of the force seem not to understand not like themselves. All these out together, weight down the overall statistical analysis of crime factors affecting in Imo State? And to what extend does this phenomenon affect police in crime detection and prevention?.
The purpose of this is to identify the various statistical analysis of factors affecting crime in Imo State and its possible set backs and how it rendered Nigeria police to determined crimes of its principal functions or duties of crime prevention and detection ineffective, taking Imo State police Commanda s a study post. It is also intended to find out how and to what extend statistical analysis is crime management performance has assisted the Nigeria police in Imo State in bringing the Crime wave of the State to the workable solution or method of detecting and preventing crime in this country as a whole by the entire Nigeria police force in Imo State.

It is the intention of the research to verify the following hypothesis.
H01: That a greater percentage of the factors affecting statistical management positions in the
H02: That lack of sufficient equipment apart from Communities equipment negatively affect the attitude of policemen detecting Crime.
The significance of this study lies on fact that: finding of this research will serve as feedback to statistical Analysis factors affecting crime in Imo State both at federal. This study will also provided need information which as a reference, will assist both crime and government in policy formation.
The social factors used in the analysis are education and deterreve or clearance rate. Education and deterreve do not significance explain total crime and property crime.
Moreover, the study will serve as a source of information for researchers and the reading public as a whole may find need to know about the crime and how. Factors affecting the performance has adverse effects on managing their resources and it will enable them to appreciate the difficulties faced by them- the crime.
This study intends to address the following question;
(1) What are the factors affecting statistical Analysis performance on the overall performance of the crime detection?
(2) What are the consequences of police present level of factors, on their acceptability by the members of the public?
(3) What negative influence does the present level of police performance on detection of crime.

1. Uzuakpuurdu, Nduka (1990) Police, National Concord Tuesday 17 March 1987, page:3

2. The Sunday Mail Newspaper (1986)
The Police and the Society, Editorial Colum Sunday October 5, 1986 Vol.1 N0.7 page:6.

3. Jaja, A.N (1988) Managing the police Organization in Nigeria. An unpublished MBA Thesis, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Port Harcourt, Rivers State.

4. The Police Act Section 3

5. The 1979 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria Section 195

6. Member C.F (1982) Nigeria Police and Law Enforcement Standard Police Studies Manual Vol.1 Koda publishers., Port Harcourt.

2.0 Definition of Crime
The concept of “Crime” is very relative, crime is a term widely used by law-persons to identify such act as embezzlement, forced sex, murder and robbery. However, in the concise Oxford Dictionary, Crime is referred to as acts punishable by Law” as a Major societal problem, many scholars have attempted its definition. Haralambo views crime as those activities that break the law of the Land and are subject to official punishment haralambo, 1980”406. Along this line of thought, Pail suggests that behaviour can only be considered a crime if it is contrary to any formal laws of society (Pail 1977:328) cited in Jwarimie Jaja (2000), Thus, in societies where there is existence of laws against such behaviour as prostitution, homosexualism, alcoholism, stealing, embezzlement, suicide, homicide and arson, person whose behaviour go contrary to the rules of law are most likely to prosecuted, and if found guilty, they are convicted for a period stipulated by such law, cited Jwarimie Jaja (200).
This chapter will highlight the statistical analysis of factors affecting crime in Imo State. This chapter will provide a framework of the model that analyses the factor which affect crime. Crime which constitute the decision variables are its expenditure on police, courts and the size and forms of punishment, Criminal subculture. Analysis of the theories socio-economic environment of crime.
There are several definition of the crime of violence as there are many criminologists, sociologists, psychologists, philosophers etc while some scholars hold the view that the state is the only body which has the moral right to embark on any act of violence Webber, 1947, Welter, 1964; Anifowose 1982), others are of the opinion that violence serves different purposes.
Kpwalski (1990) contended that fear of crime in rural /urban areas is pretended in Larger farmer than Smaller Ones and highest among tracts of land that are not contiguous.
Iwarimie Jaja (2003:327) posited that there has always been a debate among criminologists on the issues of poverty as a course of crime in society. He emphasized that many criminologists agree that poverty is related to poor condition of existence they posit that crime is a direct result of economic deprivation or indirect of the outcome from the mobility of some individuals achieve the economic and educational requirement for legitimate earnings from work

The effects of crime in our society in recent years and in several parts of Nigeria, particularly Imo State is perceived as a social problems demanding solution. In Imo State Crime poses an immediate threat to may people as everyone is aware of the harm done by crime. There are, for instance, the physical abuses on persons as result of armed robbery activates, the consumer who swindled, the householder who comes home to find his/her house looted and the businesses executive whose profit is diminished by the thievery of his employees and the regular robbing of banks.
In line with this, Charles Swanson et al (1988) Categorized the effect of crime on society in three negative ways. According to them, when individual commit crimes and escape prosecution, future illegal acts or crimes are encouraged. An escalating crime rate requires that resources which could be devoted to other social problems will be diverted to the crime control effect, resulting in the further entrenchment of such ills as poverty, substandard housing and inadequate medical care.
As the crime rate increases, our system of government faces the real possibility of crises of confidence in its ability to maintain public welfare, finally, crimes tear the fabric of social relations and living patterns. People become fearful of stranger and being on the streets during dark hours, homes and become fortresses and families move to new location in search of a secure life. A terrible reality is that until significant inroads are made in controlling crime, the overall quality of life is lower than it could be.

This study was carried out in Imo State, which estimated results for total crimes, property crime and crime against individuals for each, for annual sets observation were used, namely 2002, 2003, 2004 and 2005 and appropriates ample would be drawn from there.
All crimes from the twenty-two Local Government Area in Imo State. The crime variable is positive and statistically significant in explaining contemporary crime in the analysis.
Population of this study describe effective polices is to among other things support policy players in implementry appropriate and adequate policies. If such policy objectives is targeted at reducing crimes. The questionnaires are uniform in nature because it will enable us get accurate and comprehensive result.
1. The data for this research was derived from two sources, Primary and Secondary. These are described as follows;
The Primary Sources
(i) Questionnaire:- Questionnaires are used to enable us reveal certain underly information which may not naturally be revealed through personal interviews. Moreso, the question were answered by the respondents at his/her own pace. We honour distributed lightly questionnaires, which are designed which both structured and semi-structured questions.
(ii) Oral Interviews:- The oral interview were used to collect data from those who could not fill the questionnaire owing to time constraint, the answers so received were synchronized with the questionnaires and those outside the framework of the questionnaire noted by the researchers.
(iii) Observation:- The researcher will be particularly involved in the crime so that the crimes attitude can be observed clearly. This method of participant observation made it possible for us to observe crime and its affects very critically without their knowing.

We made very extensive use of secondary source of data. Libraries, academic journals, textbooks, newspapers magazines and other relevant information.
A portion of the population selected for study as a representation of the entire population is called sampling therefore, simple randomization was administer questionnaires, and obtain their responses on the subject matter. This type of method is used because of inadequate fund with which to enable researcher to cover the state adequately and also, it is intended to limit the area to a manageable size. As a result of this only state police headquarter was randomly selected to serve the purpose.
4.0 Results, Summary of Major Findings
4.1 Summary of Findings
This study strived to identify the statistical analysis of factors affecting crime in Imo State. The poor performance of the police on this aspect of her functions has generated cost of controversies and the level of relationship between the police and public has been such that nobody known what is actually going on; so that there has been lost of misconceptions about the true nature of things in the statistical analysis of factors affecting crime.
The foregoing may then explain why the finding of this research will help to provide answers to a number of questions which the society of Nigerians may be interested to know.
Therefore, this study has been able to record the following findings.
i. The absence of good and effective communication equipment and network factors affecting crime detection; and also hindrance to the management of the Nigeria police force and this inadequacy.
ii. A larger number of statistics department / officers (staff) do not posses higher education background, and initial statistical training..
iii. The specific communication problems the Nigeria crime force is facing include;
(a) Inadequate vehicles
(b) Lack of Communication equipment (for example, radio sets / walkie talk and telephones) in their offices/ stations).
(c) Ineffective and hindered internal communication channel within.
iv. There is no adequate planning good staffing training and regular research work on methods of crime prevention/ detection and this had negatively affected their overall performance. This inadequacies was necessitated by government neglect on police and ignorance of these activates on the part of the police.

Table 4.01: Statistical Analysis of Data Member of Crime Detection
S.N0 Items Factors No. of Respondents Percentage Responses
1 Male 32 15 61
Female 16 5 39
Total 48 20 100
2 Age
18-28yrs 23 10 24
29-39yrs 10 6 50
40yrs & above 7 4 16
Total 48 20 100
3 Education Qualification
Standard 6/FSLC 6 10
Model 31/G.Iv – –
Diploma/NCE 8 20
Degree 10 30
Total 42 100
4 Bank
PCS/Insprs/Rank 30 70
File 18 30
Total 48 100
5 Total position Held
SPOS 4 5
CRO 10 20
TOP MGT 12 12
Others 10 8
Total 48 100
Any initial statistics
Mgt training
Yes 8 20
No 40 80
Total 48 100
6 Absence of good and effective communication is a major statistical Analysis hindrance in Crime prevention/Detection
Yes 44 96
No 4 4
Total 48 100
7 If Yes, how does this statistical Analysis affect you while on duty
Adversely 42 86
Not much 8 14
No effect –
Total 48 100

8 Type of communication Problem Faced
Lack of vehicle 13 10
Lack of radio/ walkie talkie 5 4
No Telephone _ _
Uneffective Communication channel _ _
All of the above 30 78
Total 48 100
9 What causes crime-public relationship
Absence of International forum 10 15
Public are difficult 5 8
Poor crime crisis 23 65
Others 10 12
Total 48 100
10 Absence of Adequate planning, Good staffing and Regular research negatively affects Statistical Analysis
Yes 46 96
No 2 4
Total 48 100
11 How do you feel when there is inadequate material to work with
Disappointment 29 61
Normal 1 1
Frustrated 12 30
Crime/Detection, I feel learning the job. 6 8
Total 48 100
12 Effects of such situation above
I will try to work 16 33
I refuse to work 10 21
I will work but not sufficiently 22 46
Total 48 100
13 Nature of salary scale in statistics Department / Crime detection
Very poor 46 96
Commensurate 2 –
Satisfactory – 4
Total 48 100
14 How regular do you have aimed at detecting / preventing crime
Weekly _
Monthly _
Only when found necessary CP 6 6
Not at all 42 94
Total 48 100
15 How many best system do you adopt in crime prevent / detection
Yes 40 73
N0 8 27
Total 48 100
16 Do you know any criminal
17 How often do you patrol these hide ours
18 Provision of effective communication Net /work wire improve performance
Yes 40 80
No 8 20
Total 48 100
19 What do you think should be done to improve crime detection
Increase salary and allowance 5 10
Provision for more communication and other equipment 5 10
More men and training 8 8
All of the above 30 72
Total 48 100
20 Daily Patrols of criminal hide outs is needed
Yes 40 90
No 8 10
Total 48 100

Beside the crime detection officer questionnaires are the members of the public which in itself is also important in this research. The respondents here were also randomly selected particularly where the statistics Analysis of factors affecting Crime in Imo State of the 30 (thirty) respondents that respondent to the questions 24, were competed and return which also represents 70%.
Table 4.02 : Analysis of Data members of public Questionnaires
Items/Factors No. of Response Percentage
1 Gender
Male 19 79
Female 5 21
Total 24 100
2 Occupation
Civil servant 11 45
Students 9 37.5
Others 4 16.5
Total 24 100
3 What is your opinion about the overall performance of the Nigeria (Crime Detection)
Above average – 1
Average 4 25
Below average 20 75
Total 24 100
4 If you think the people have performed below average, what in your opinion is responsible
Poor communication 17 29
Inadequate personnel – –
Poor salary 6 25
Poor condition of service 1 4
All of the above 10 42
Total 24 100
5 Does the above problem hinder their crime patrol team
Yes 17 71
No 7 29
6 Beside the crime problems in question how do you know their difficulties
Lack of community and 7 29
Other equipment
Accommodation 3 13
Poor and irregular pay 1 4
All of the above 13 54
Total 24 100
7 Do you see the statistical department as having good management
Yes – –
Blank 24 100
Total 24 100
8 From the way you see the police in trying to detected prevent crime to the bearest minimum
What crime / problem(s) do you identify with them (state)
9 Do you think that there is adequate planning, staffing and regular research on crime prevent /detection
Yes _ _
No 24 100
Total 24 100
10 If no what do you think is responsible?
Government neglect 1 4
Government ignorance and lack of initiative 6 25
Both 1 & 2 above 10 42
Lack of co-operation from members of the public 7 29
Total 24 100
11 How do you assess police public relationship with crime?
Cordial 6 25
Not cordial 10 42
Average 7 29
Enemity 1 4
Blank – –
Total 24 100
12 Prevention /Detection of crime force
Yes _ _
No 24 100
Blank _ –
Total 24 100
13 Factors affecting police regular not detecting crime
Ineffective communication 6 25
Police high- handedness 1 4
Poor record of crime 7 29
All of the above 16 42
24 100
14 What in your opinion, will make for a better police /public relation(s) in Imo State crime detection.
15 State other specific ways /methods police should detect the hide out or adopt in preventing /detecting crime

5.0 This section will feature the discussion of the data analyzed in the previous section of this chapter. Based on the research assumptions and questions, formulated or raised at the beginning of the study. The questions shall be examined and discussed, of this study. The questions shall be examined and discussed; and conclusion shall be draw to check if these hypothesis have been proved or disapproved, and answer to these questions provided. The instrument of discussion will centre, not only on the questionnaires, but also on subjective reactions or responses derived from oral interview and personal investigations which served as supplement to the questionnaire in data gathering.
As questionnaires were randomly administered on policemen and members of the public selected top senior detecting officer of force were interviewed as well as few-informed members of the public.

From the foregoing, it is no more a hidden fact the Nigeria police could in Imo State. Could have not performed effectively in term of hinders its proper statistical management department. Principal in the catalogue of problem is communication on. This becomes essential in that it is a unifying factor as for as police duties is concerned. No work can be done or accomplished in the Nigeria. If information is not passed from one person to the other or from one place to another neither could be effectively done, if men/women, equipment and their logistic materials are not moved from one place to an area where they are most needed. If the interaction amongst members –officers and men between detecting crime I the organization, and other organization like members of the public is not effective and efficient crime detecting by the police force, problems of the organization as it relates to its communication need should be properly and articulately addressed.
There is no doubt that an improve security system will translate into improve economy, since investors will come in only when they are assured of the security of their lives and properties.
On the basic of the objectives of the study, the data collected and statistical analysis. The following recommendation will be useful in remedying the situation.
Firstly, the government should pay particular attention to the quality person employed. Since it is a specialized area they should employed those with a far if not good knowledge of statistics to man the section head of the section should be a statistians to check the various departments.
The government should equip, the section with modern equipment such as radio sets, walkie talkier, telephone, this will improve security system.
The government of Imo State should also invest in training and retraining of the personnel and keep enabling environment that will encourage or enable the staff of section to improve themselves through supplementary education.
Corruption, indiscipline, tribalism, financial mismanagement and inadequate training of men make the Nigeria detection crime force difficult to manage effectively.
Finally Government should make provision of good and effective communication and other related equipment, as well as increase in salary and allowances, better training and retraining of policeman to detect crime will improve the management performance of the Nigeria police crime detection.

Figure 1:
Police council
Police service commission
Departments -(AIGS)
Zonal Command -(AIGS)
State Command -(CPS)
Area Commands -(ACS)
Division -(DPOS)
Stations/Post S/Os
External organizational chart of the Nigeria police detecting crime force showing communication flow, command and control
Figure II: Composition of the Nigeria police detection crime.
Force zones.
S/N0 Composition State Headquarters
1 Kano, Kastina, Kaduna, Jigawa, Zamfara
2 Lagos, Ogun, Uyo, Ekiti Abeokuta
3 Yobe, Adamawa, Bornu, Bauchi, Nasarawa Yola
4 Ebnue, Plateau, Taraba, Enugu, Combe Markurdi
5 Edo, Delta, Anambra, Rivers And Bayelsa Benin
6 Cross- River, Imo, Akwa Ibon, Abia and Eboyi Calabar
7 FCT-Abuja, Kebi, Sokoto and Niger Abuja
8 Ondo, Kogi, Osun, Kwara Akure

Figure 2: Composition of the Nigeria police Detecting Crime Force Zones
S/N0 State Command Headquarters
1 Abia Umuahia
2 Adamawa Yola
3 Anambra Awka
4 Akwa- Ibom Uyo
5 Bauchi Bauchi
6 Bayelsa Yenogoa
7 Benue Makurdi
8 Borno Maidugri
9 Cross-River Calabar
10 Delta Asaba
11 Ebonyi Abakiliki
12 Edo Benin
13 Ekiti Ado-Ekiti
14 Enugu Enugu
15 Gombe Gombe
16 Imo Owerri
17 Jigawa Dutse
18 Kano Kano
19 Kaduna Kada
20 Kastina Kastina
21 Kebbi Burni Kebbi
22 Kogi Lokoja
23 Kwara Ilorin
24 Lagos Ikeja
25 Nassarawa Lafia
26 Niger Nowa
27 Ondo Akure
28 Osun Oshogbo
29 Plateau Jos
30 Rivers Port-Harcourt
31 Sokoto Sokoto
32 Taraba Jalingo
33 Yobe Damaturu
34 Zamfara Gusau
35 Ogun Abeokuta
36 Oyo Ibadan

Sub 1
1. Police Detecting Crime College Ikeja- PCI –Ikeja
2. Police Detecting Crime College Oji-River – PCO- Rivers
3. Police Detecting Crime College Kaduna – PCK – Kaduna
4. Police Staff College Jos – PSC – Jos
Figure 5 Rank Structure/ order of command of command in the Nigeria Police detecting crime force.
IGP – Inspector General of Police
DIGP – Deputy Inspector General Police
AIG – Assist. Inspector General Police
CP – Commission of Police
DCP – Deputy Commissioner
AC – Assist Commissioner
CSP – Chief Superintended
SP – Superintend
DSP – Deputy Superintendent
ASP – Assist Deputy Superintendent
C/INSPR -Chief Inspector
INSPR – Principal Inspector
S/INSPR- Senior Inspector
Inspr – Inspector
Sgt. Major – Seagent Major
CPL – Corporal
PC – Police Constable
R/C – Recruit Constable
The above figure shows the rank structure and order of command in the Nigeria police detecting crime force.
Top- down is in descending order of preventing/detection of crime.

Research questionnaires for analysis statistics factors affecting organization
Please tick or complete each item where appropriate.
1. Sex
2. Marital Status
(a) Single
(b) Married
(c) Divorce
3. For how long have you been working in the statistics department?
(a) 18 – 28 years
(b) 29 – 39 years
(c) 40 years/above
(1) How will you rate your knowledge of statistics on employment?
Excellent Very good Good Poor
(2) Educational Qualification
(a) Standard Six/FSLC
(b) Mod III/G.IV
(d) Diploma / NCE
(e) Bask. /B.Ed
(f) Ph.D/Others
(3) If your answer to question one is poor, how will you rate crime at present?
(4’) How did you improve the statistical level of crime?
Supplementary Education Training
(5) If through training who sponsored the training?
Government Self Others
(6) If your answer to question 3 is poor, why?
(a) No interest in crime
(b) No means of acquiring knowledge
(7) Do you agree that the absence of a good and effective communication network constitutes the major management hindrance in the crime prevention/
(8) Do you know any criminal hideout and how often do you patrol these hideout? State specifically:
(9) What do you think should be done to improve police performance?
(a) Increase Salary and Allowance
(b) Provision of more communication/ other
(c) Equipment
(d) More mean /training
(e) All of the above
(10) Daily patrols of criminal hide out is needed
(a) Yes
(b) No
(11) How will you rate the factor affecting crime in Imo State?
Very good Good Strong disagree Disagreed

Please tick or complete each item where appropriate
(1) Gender Male Female
(2) Occupation (State)
(3) If a student, where ?
(a) University
(b) Collage of Education
(c) Polytechnic
(d) Others
(4) What is your opinion about the overall performance of factors affecting crime
(5) If you think the police have performed below average what, in you opinion, is responsible?
(a) Poor Communication
(b) Inadequate personnel
(c) Poor salary
(d) Poor condition of Service
(e) All of the above

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Education of the Executive Cambridge Mass Harvard University Press Page 82.

Carter, Marshal and Maraenin, Otwin 1976
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Management tasks, Responsibilities, Practice Harper and Row Company New York.

Ebueku, Lola-Steven (1976)
Police: His Brothers’ Enemy. The Nigeria Police Magazine – Series 28-29 July / December 1976. page 18.

Ezegam, Seji K. (1991)
Police and Crime in Nigeria Unpublished Thesis Rivers
State University of Science and Technology Port Harcourt

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Exciting Careers in Nigeria’s Modern Police. A Career Journal of Nigeria Police Force. The Nigeria Harts.

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General and Industrial Management Sir Isaac Pitman
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The History Management Thought Englewood Cliffs N.J Prentice Hall Edition Page 113.

Hodgets, Richard M. (1986)
Management Fundamentals. The Dryden Press. Hindale, Illinios.

Igbinorios, Patrick eE
Police and Students Agitation National Concord Newspaper Publication – Thursday July 10 1986. page 3

James, A. E Stonner (1981)
Management Prentice Hall International Inc. 2nd Edition.

Jaja, A.N.(1985)
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2 responses

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