Squash is a high-speed racquet sport played by two players (or in doubles 4 players on court at a time) in a four-walled court with a small, hollow rubber ball. Squash is recognized by the IOC and remains in contention for incorporation in a future Olympic programme. The game was formerly called squash racquets, a reference to the “squashable” soft ball used in the game (compared with the fatter ball used in its parent game racquets (or rackets; Squash is a sport developed from at least five other sports involving racquets, gloves, and balls having roots in the early 12th century in France. It is stated that “Squash, with its element of hitting balls against walls, was for entertainment.
The next major development of squash took place in England where the game of “racquets” was developed in Fleet Prison, a debtor’s prison. Similar to tennis, it involved racquets and balls, but instead of hitting over a net as in tennis, players hit a non-squeezable ball against walls. A variation of rackets that also led to the formation of squash was called fives, similar to handball. Fives was essentially the game of racquets, without racquets. (The ball was hit with the hand.)
In the 20th century the game increased in popularity with various schools, clubs and even private citizens building squash courts, but with no set dimensions. In 1904 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the earliest national association of squash in the world was formed as the United States Squash Racquets Association, (USSRA), now known as US-Squash. In April 1907 the Tennis, Rackets & Fives Association set up a sub committee to set standards for squash. Then the sport soon formed, combining the three sports together called “Squash”. It was not until 1923 that the Royal Automobile Club hosted a meeting to further discuss the rules and regulations and another five years elapsed before the Squash Rackets Association was formed to set standards for squash in Great Britain.
Some of the factors which have militated against the development of the game of squash include;
1. The non inclusion of the game into the Olympic Games by the IOC has indeed stalled the development of the game world wide.
2. There are no generally acceptable rules and standard for the game worldwide.
3. The lack of homogeneity between the Professional Squash Association (PSA) and the Women’s International Squash Players Association (WISPA)and also(WSA) as regards to setting rules for the sport.
4. , some studies have implicated squash as a cause of possible fatal cardiac arrhythmia and argued that squash is an inappropriate form of exercise for older men with heart disease
5. The game of squash is yet to gain popularity around the world, despite being recognized and developed in the western world and Asian countries