Demographics of Nigeria & Ghana


The most populous country in Africa, Nigeria accounts for approximately one-sixth of Africa’s people. Approximately 50% of Nigerians are urban dwellers. At least 24 cities have populations of more than 100,000. The variety of customs, languages, and traditions among Nigeria’s 389 ethnic groups gives the country a cultural diversity.
Population and Population Projections
Population: 162,471,000 (July 2011 United Nations est.)
Nigeria has been experiencing a population explosion for at least the last 50 years due to very high fertility rates, quadrupling its population during this time.
According to the United Nations, the population of Nigeria will reach 390 million by 2050. In 2100, the population of Nigeria will reach 730 million.[2]
According to the United States Census Bureau, the population of Nigeria will reach 402 million by 2050. Nigeria will then be the 4th most populous country in the world.[3]
Vital statistics
Population growth rate
• 1.935% (2011 est.)
Birth rate
• 43 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
• 36.65 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)
• 35.51 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate
• 18 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
• 16.56 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)
• 16.06 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
ECONOMIC GROWTH RATE
GDP: purchasing power parity – $459.4 billion (2009 est.)
GDP – real growth rate: 7% (July 2006 est.)
GDP – per capita: purchasing power parity – $3,460 (2009 est.)
GDP – composition by sector:
agriculture: 26.8%
industry: 48.8%
services: 24.4% (2005 est.)
Population below poverty line: 78.98%(2000 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:r
lowest 10%: 2.6%
highest 10%: 35.8% (1996–97)
Budget:
revenues: $17 billion
expenditures: $13.54 billion including capital expenditures of $NA (2005 est.)
Industries: crude oil, coal, tin, columbite, palm oil, peanuts, cotton, rubber, wood, hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizer, printing, ceramics, steel, small commercial ship construction and repair
Industrial production growth rate: 2.4% (2005 est.)
Electricity – production: 15.59 billion kWh (2003)
Oil – production: 2.35 million barrels per day (374×103 m3/d) (July 2006 est.)
Oil – consumption: 310,000 bbl/d (49,000 m3/d) (2003 est.)
Agriculture – products: cocoa, peanuts, palm oil, maize, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava (tapioca), yams, rubber; cattle, sheep, goats, pigs; timber; fish
Exports: $72.16 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Imports: $45.95 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Debt – external: $3.3 billion with London Club(2006 est.)
Currency: 1 Naira (NGN) = 100 kobo
External Reserves: $59 billion ( 2008)

Demographics of Ghana
The Demography of Ghana describes the condition and overview of Ghana’s peoples. Demographic topics include basic education, health, and population statistics as well as identified racial and religious affiliations.
Population
24,223,431 (2010 provisional census figures);[2] 23, 382, 848 (July 2008 est.); 19,533,560(2001 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Birth rate
28.74 births/1,000 population (2009 est.) ; 29.81 births/1,000 population (2010 est.)
ECONOMIC GROWTH RATE;
Currency Cedi (GHS) Fiscal year Calendar year Statistics GDP $71.216 billion [1] GDP growth 14.337 % (2011 est.) [2] GDP per capita $2931 (2011 est.) [1] GDP by sector agriculture: 37.3%; industry: 25.3%; services: 37.5% (2006 est.) Inflation (CPI) 8.1% (2011 est.) Population
below poverty line 28.5% (2007 est.) Gini coefficient 39.4 (2005-06) Labour force 10.33 million (2009 est.) Labour force
by occupation agriculture: 56%; industry: 15%; services: 29% (2005 est.) Unemployment 11% (2000 est.) Main industries mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building Ease of Doing Business Rank 63rd[3] External Exports $7.326 billion (2010 est.) Export goods gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds, horticulture Main export partners Netherlands 13.4%, Ukraine 11.7%, United Kingdom 8%, France 5.7%, United States 5.1% (2008) Imports $10.18 billion (2010 est.) Import goods capital equipment, petroleum, foodstuffs Main import partners China 16%, Nigeria 15%, India 5.6%, United States 5.6%, France 4.5%, United Kingdom 4.5% (2008) Gross external debt $5.84 billion (31 December 2009 est.) Public finances Public debt 67.5% of GDP (2009 est.) Revenues $4.547 billion (2009 est.) Expenses $6.124 billion (2009 est.) Credit rating Standard & Poor’s:[4]

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