The word ADMINISTRATION can be describe to mean various things to many people in different lands
Administration may refer to:
• Administration (business), the performance or management of business operations
• Administration (law), whereby an insolvent company can continue trading under supervision
• Management, the act of directing people towards accomplishing a goal
• Academic administration, a branch of an academic institution responsible for the maintenance and supervision of the institution
• Central Administration, the highest administrative department of an organization
The term administration, as used in the context of government, differs according to jurisdiction. In United States usage, the term refers to the executive branch under a specific president (or governor, mayor, or other local executive), for example: the “Barack Obama administration.” Usage in Europe varies by country, but most typically the term ‘administration’ refers to managerial functions in general, which may include local governments, or the hierarchy of national and local government, that applies to a town or district. More specifically, it may refer to public administration, the business of administering public policy as determined by government. However, outside France, this usage of the word is uncommon.
Secondary school (the term “high school” is most often associated with English-speaking countries, though the two are far from synonymous) is a term used to describe an educational institution where the final stage of schooling, known as secondary education and usually compulsory up to a specified age, takes place. It follows elementary or primary education, and may be followed by university (tertiary) education.
There are many different types of secondary school, and the terminology used varies around the world. Children usually transfer to secondary school between the ages of 10 and 16 years, and finish between the ages of 16 and 19 years, though there is considerable variation from country to country. “Principal” or “Head of School” is used as the title of the head administrator of an elementary school, middle school, or high school in some English-speaking countries, including the United States, India and Australia.
FIVE ADMINISTRATIVE PROBLEMS WHICH SECONDARY SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION ENCOUNTERS CAN BE IDENTIFY AS;
1. PARENTAL PROBLEMS
2. STAFF PROBLEMS
3. DISTRICT PROBLEMS
4. INADEQUATE FUNDING
5. INCESSANT GOVERNMENT POLICIES
1. PARENTAL PROBLEMS:
o Parents want a safe school environment for their children, wholesome extracurricular activities and good teachers. Complaints arise when parents feel that one or more of these elements is missing. When this happens, the administrator must work with the parents to resolve the conflict. If the complaint is not settled at the school level, the parent may contact the school board. If there is still no resolution, the parent may feel that a lawsuit is the only recourse.
2. STAFF PROBLEMS:
o Administrative issues with teachers and other staff members can run the gamut from complaints about teacher evaluations to program changes to lack of supplies. Administrators address pedagogical difficulties and work with staff to solve problems that hinder learning. It is challenging to create an orderly and task-oriented atmosphere in which all stakeholders are considered.
3. DISTRICT PROBLEMS:
o School districts receive funding from state, federal and local sources. The federal government adds moneys to state and local funds, but it doesn’t mandate fiscal equality between schools within a district. Administrators have some discretion over how funds are allocated for staffing at their schools. Since they are accountable to the district for standards-based learning, they must choose their staff wisely in order to accomplish that goal.
4. INADEQUATE FUNDING:
The administrators and indeed the entire administration of secondary schools in Nigeria today have been face with the issue of inadequate funding. From lack of school equipment to the non availability of necessary machineries needed to develop the schools. This has boil down to the issue of funds. A situation where most administration does not know what accrues to them from both the local, state and federal level. Even if they still come, they are insufficient compare to the number of projects that needs to be done in the school.
5. INCESSANT GOVERNMENT POLICIES:
Government policies which have become so frequent and incessant have really affected the administration of secondary schools in Nigeria. one begin to look at situations where any new government or minister of education that comes into power or appointed will want to be known or heard by outlining his own policy, why are sometimes not compatible to the works on ground. This has led to a case where most secondary schools curriculum are not properly followed or handled.
SOME SOLUTIONS TO THE ADMINISTRATIVE PROBLEMS FACING SECONDARY SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION:
The following outlines are some of the solutions which can be recommended in solving the cases of maladministration in secondary schools;
1. Adequate funding should be provided, in order to provide for the day to day administrative running of the school.
2. There should be more of parental involvement in secondary school administration; after all it’s their child that attends this secondary school so it should also be their concerns. The Parents-Teacher Association (PTA) should be formed in order to coordinates this affairs.
3. Recruitment of competent hands to handle the administrative affairs of the secondary schools. Here only season administrators should be employed based on merit and their track records in secondary school administration.
4. There should be constant teacher’s training in the secondary school system in order to enhance the capacity of the teachers and inculcate in them new ideas in the teaching industry.
5. A detail short or medium term plan should be design, developed and implemented for secondary schools. At least let our administrators have a first hand guide or directive on the road to follow and how they can be able to meet the set deadlines!